October 13, 1998

All Things Considered
(entire program)
Requires the RealAudio Player

An index of the day's stories:

Kosovo Deal -- NPR's Sylvia Poggioli reports from Belgrade that U.S. envoy Richard Holbrooke and Yugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic have announced the outlines of an agreement on Kosovo that will avert NATO air strikes on Yugoslavia. The heart of the agreement is ground and air surveillance to certify that Yugoslavia is in compliance with the UN SEcurity Council resolution on Kosovo. (4:30)

U.S. Reaction -- NPR's Martha Raddatz reports that U.S. government is giving Yugoslavia's Slobodan Milosevic four days to show definite progress in implementing agreement reached today on reversing his repression of Kosovo. U.S. officials let it be known that if such progress is not clear the NATO air raids authorized Monday could still be called in. (3:30)

Implementing the Plan -- Robert talks with Anna Husarska, a fellow at the Media Studies Center in New York, about the how the Kosovo plan may be implemented. Husarska is a former head of the Kosovo Project for the International Crisis Group. She says she fears that Russian members of the monitoring team to be sent to Kosovo will sell arms to Serbs. (4:00)

More Nobel Prizes -- NPR's Richard Harris reports on today's Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry. Five scientists working at American universities won the two prizes. The physics award was given to three scientists for their discoveries that ordinary electrons that appear to have only partial electrical charges. The prize for chemistry went to two scientists who developed scientific methods uncovering the innermost structures of molecules. Their findings led to a new branch of science - quantum chemistry. (5:00)

Moving -- Commentator Dominic Papatola recalls the various times he has moved, and how the process has changed as he's acquired more stuff. (2:30)

Project Whitecoat -- 25 years ago, at the end of the Vietnam war, the Army ended Project Whitecoat -- a program where members of a Protestant denomination -- Seventh Day Adventists -- served as volunteers in research experiments. The Adventists were conscientious objectors -- but unlike many other conscientious objectors, they were willing to join the military -- just not to bear arms. For the Army, Project Whitecoat was a way to learn more about biological warfare. NPR's Joanne Silberner attended a recent reunion of the Whitecoats, and has this report. (11:45)

Merrill Lynch Layoffs -- NPR's Margot Adler reports on the news that Merrill Lynch & Co. plans to cut 3,400 jobs, or 5 percent of its workforce. The news ends a years-long hiring streak for securities firms on Wall Street. But while it reflects the losses evident across the industry, analysts say the cuts are more a corrective - than a sign of doom and gloom. (4:00)

Welfare Office -- When Esmeralda Santiago was thirteen, her family moved from Puerto Rico to Brooklyn. Soon after, her mother lost her job and went to apply for welfare, using Esmeralda as a translator. Santiago reads an excerpt of her new book "Almost a Woman" about the experience. (Note: "Almost a Woman" is published by Perseus Books) (4:00)

Budget Wrangling -- NPR's Brian Naylor reports that congressional negotiators and the White House are inching towards agreement on a host of spending issues that need to be resolved before Congress can leave town. Agreement has been nearly finalized on funding for the International Monetary Fund, but outstanding issues, such as how to conduct the 2000 Census and what additional funds to approve for education, must still be resolved. Congress yesterday passed a stop-gap funding bill to keep the government open until midnight tomorrow night. (3:30)

IMF Funding -- NPR's Kathleen Schalch reports the agreement to fund the International Monetary Fund hasn't been finalized, but House Republican leaders and White House officials say they've agreed on the broad outlines. Under the pact, the IMF would get the full 18 billion dollars the U.S. has pledged. In return, the Chairman of the Federal Reserve and the Secretary of the Treasury would have to certify that the major shareholders in the I-M-F have agreed to a series of reforms. (3:45)

Democrats on the Offensive -- Robert talks with NPR's National Political correspondent Elizabeth Arnold about election campaigning. With less than a month until the mid term election, Republicans are poised to win additional seats in the House and Senate, but there are indications of a voter backlash over last week's vote to begin an impeachment inquiry against President Clinton. And some Democratic candidates are deciding they can use the issue to their advantage. (4:30)

DNA Database -- NPR's Eric Westervelt reports on the debate surrounding the FBI's new DNA database based on genetic evidence from convicted felons around the country. Local and state law enforcement agencies say the database will be a critical tool in their criminal investigations. Civil libertarians and other critics warn of the potential abuses and expansion of the database. (3:30)

Hate Crimes -- Noah talks with Brian Levin, director of the Center on Hate and Extremism at Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, about hate crime legislation. Levin says hate crime law acts as a deterrent because hate crime perpetrators are punished more severely in states where such laws exist. Matthew Shepherd, an openly gay University of Wyoming student, who was severely beaten, died yesterday. Wyoming has no hate crime laws. (4:30)

Spy Arrest -- Robert talks with NPR's Neal Conan about the FBI's arrest of a former National Security Agency analyst they say spied for the Soviet Union. The government accuses David Sheldon Boone of selling defense secrets to the Soviets from 1988-1991 for $60,000. The Justice Department says, in 1988, Boone walked into the Soviet embassy in Washington and volunteered to spy. The government says Boone sold documents that involved U.S. targeting of nuclear weapons in case of Soviet attack and U.S. intelligence on Soviet troop movements. (4:00)

Mysteries of El Al Crash -- Noah speaks with Los Angeles Times reporter Carol Williams about the 1992 El Al crash in Amsterdam. She discusses how the hazardous cargo on the plane, not all of which has been identified, is reportedly affecting the people living nearby the crash site. Suspicion of a cover-up is being raised by both the Dutch press and parliament, since many important pieces of evidence have disappeared. There are also reports of hooded white men jumping from helicopters onto the crash site in the middle of the night looking for materials. These reports have been denied by both Dutch and Israeli governments. (5:00)

Family Apples -- Commentator Scott Brunner's family has had a strain of apple in its orchard that came from Scotland generations ago. It has no name, but is a distinct type that bonds his family. (3:30)

Gore and the Everglades -- Vice-president Al Gore today unveiled a comprehensive plan to restore the Everglades to something close to its natural state. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers created the plan. NPR's Allison Aubrey reports on what looks to be the largest environmental restoration ever attempted. Levies and dams built over the past fifty years to divert water to farming and urban areas will come down and the natural fresh-water cycle for the "River of Grass" will be restored. The effort is not without costs, however, since the sugar industry expects to suffer as a result of the new water regime. (4:00)

Kate Jacobs -- Music critic Will Hermes says that singer-songwriter Kate Jacobs has infused her latest collection of carefully-crafted songs with a warmth and level of emotion that's rare in the era of electronics and rock. Her stories evoke unusual characters in a historical setting. He says that "Hydrangea," Jacobs's most recent album, is a winning set of short stories, set to music. (Note: "Hydrangea" by Kate Jacobs is available on Bar/None Records, catalogue number A-HAON-097-2.) (3:30)

Some stories do not link to audio files because of Internet rights issues.