Anthony S. Fauci
Director of the NIH Allergy and Infectious Disease Institute
Live Webcast Jan. 14, 2002, 1 p.m. ET/10 a.m. PT

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Anthony S. Fauci

Anthony S. Fauci rose to fame more than 20 years ago as a pioneer in AIDS research, spearheading the government's efforts to fight the devastating disease. Today he is head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and he is up against a new deadly threat: bioterrorism.

The Brooklyn native joined the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 1968 after receiving his M.D. from Cornell University. In 1981 he read an article about a strange disease affecting gay men and devoted his career to uncovering the mysteries of acquired immune deficiency syndrome, now known simply as AIDS. Fauci and his team were the first to recognize the relationship between the human immunodeficiency virus -- HIV -- and the body's immune system.

As director of the NIH allergy institute since 1984, Fauci has developed therapies for AIDS patients and worked to make drugs more widely available. And after he was targeted by critics who protested that government was inattentive to the disease, Fauci brought AIDS activists into the decision-making process. He has won numerous awards and 22 honorary doctorates.

Now, at 60, Fauci's authoritative voice has been enlisted in the war on bioterrorism. He has testified at congressional hearings and White House media briefings and has joined the talking heads on shows such as Face the Nation and Hardball. In addition to dealing with the anthrax scare, Fauci has also labeled smallpox a "logical major threat" and has focused much of his current attention on how to provide vaccines against the disease.

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NIH Allergy and Infectious Disease Institute