Former Secretary of State
Live Webcast March 05, 2002, 9am ET/6am PT
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Henry Kissinger's extraordinary position at the center of key world events has given him fodder for his prolific writing since returning to the private sector in the 1980s. It has also kept him traveling the world as a top-level adviser in foreign affairs.
Born in Fuerth, Germany, on May 27, 1923, Kissinger escaped to the United States with his family after Hitler's rise in 1938 and became a naturalized citizen. He received a doctorate in International Relations in 1954 from Harvard, where he went on to teach international policy and nuclear arms studies.
In 1968, Kissinger signed on as an adviser to Richard Nixon's presidential campaign. He was then appointed National Security Adviser and was sworn in as Secretary of State in 1973. That same year, Kissinger was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Kissinger stayed on as Secretary of State until the end of Gerald Ford's administration.
Kissinger's books include A World Restored: Castlereagh, Metternich and the Restoration of Peace, 1812-1822 (1957); Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy (1957); The Necessity for Choice: Prospects of American Foreign Policy (1961); The Troubled Partnership: A Reappraisal of the Atlantic Alliance (1965); White House Years (1979); and Diplomacy (1994).
Currently, Kissinger is chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., an international consulting firm. He is also a councilor to the Chase Manhattan Bank and a member of its International Advisory Committee. He is a Trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and a Director of the International Rescue Committee.