One in four students report being bullied, but not all say they are bullied the same way. And some students are more likely to experience bullying than others.
That's what one new survey found after posing questions to more than 180,000 students across 412 schools between 2012 and 2017. The data, collected by the nonprofit organization YouthTruth Student Survey, looked at fifth- through 12th-graders in 37 states.
The survey found that of the students who said they were bullied, 73 percent said they were verbally abused, 53 percent reported being socially bullied, 28 percent said they were physically abused and 23 percent of students reported being harassed online.
Results also showed that most harassment occurs in person and that students who don't identify with a specific gender are more likely to be bullied than their peers.
Students were also asked why they thought they were the targets of bullying. Forty-four percent of students answered that "how they looked" was a reason, 17 percent of students said it was because of their race or skin color and 15 percent said it was because other students thought they were gay.
"If you are an educator and you have a feeling that bullying is a problem," says Jen Wilka, the executive director of YouthTruth, "now you are able to have information about what proportion of students are being bullied and how it is happening." And that's the goal of the survey, Wilka says — help teachers understand bullying in order to help prevent it.
Educators play an important role in preventing bullying, says Bailey Lindgren, a spokesperson for the national bullying prevention center, Pacer.
"Often, if students share with an adult that they are experiencing bullying, it may be the first person they've told," she say
The center was founded in 2006 to educate communities and bring awareness of bullying prevention.
The survey can help teachers respond to students who may think bullying is their fault because of their differences, Lindgren says.
"It's important for educators to keep this in mind when responding to students who experience bullying, reinforcing the message that they aren't alone and the bullying is not their fault."