Editor's Note: The following interactive charts help illustrate a series of stories we're featuring on the radio and in Shots this month by Richard Harris on National Institutes of Health funding of scientists. You can hear his audio pieces on Morning Edition and All Things Considered.
Funding for the National Institutes of Health soared between 1998 and 2003, which created a gold-rush mentality in biomedicine. But it didn't last. Since 2004, the NIH budget has dropped by more than 20 percent (not including federal stimulus money).
As a result, universities have been left with empty laboratory space, increased competition for research dollars and an inevitable downsizing as some scientists leave the profession.
Search the interactive below the first chart to see how individual institutions have fared: