Middle East crisis — explained The conflict between Israel and Palestinians — and other groups in the Middle East — goes back decades. These stories provide context for current developments and the history that led up to them.
IDF fires artillery shells into Gaza as fighting between Israeli troops and Islamist Hamas militants continues on Oct. 12, 2023.
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Middle East crisis — explained

Israeli Iron Dome air defense system launches to intercept missiles fired from Iran, in central Israel this past weekend. Tomer Neuberg/AP hide caption

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Tomer Neuberg/AP

Iran's attack on Israel is a major escalation. What comes next for the region?

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Israeli Iron Dome air defense system launches to intercept missiles fired from Iran, in central Israel, Sunday, April 14, 2024. Tomer Neuberg/AP hide caption

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Tomer Neuberg/AP

This image made from a video provided to The Associated Press by a Mideast defense official shows a helicopter raid targeting a vessel near the Strait of Hormuz on Saturday. AP hide caption

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AP

Palestinians walk through the destruction from the Israeli offensive in Jabaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip earlier this year. Mahmoud Essa/AP hide caption

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Mahmoud Essa/AP

Is Israel perpetuating a cycle of radicalization rather than ending it?

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Emergency and security personnel extinguish a fire at the site of strikes that hit a building annexed to the Iranian embassy in Syria's capital Damascus on April 1. Iran blames Israel for the attack. Louai Beshara/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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Louai Beshara/AFP via Getty Images

Palestinians visit the graves of relatives killed in the war between Israel and Hamas. The cemetery is in the central Gaza town of Deir al-Balah. Wednesday marked the first day of the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Fitr, but it was a somber day throughout Gaza. Abdel Kareem Hana/AP hide caption

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Abdel Kareem Hana/AP

With little fanfare, Gaza war enters a new stage, from high to low intensity

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Israelis are returning to Sderot, the biggest city attacked by Hamas

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Sally Zeita, 3, stands beside her mother Amani as she prepares a Ramadan dessert at their home in the village Ein 'Arik in the occupied West Bank on March 24. Tamir Kalifa for NPR hide caption

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Tamir Kalifa for NPR

Palestinians returning to Khan Younis to survey the damage to their homes after Israeli forces withdrew from the city following a four-month battle with Hamas there. Anas Baba hide caption

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Anas Baba

A first glimpse of Khan Younis, a Gaza city now lying in ruins

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A Palestinian is carrying boxes of aid distributed before the Eid al-Fitr holiday, which marks the end of the Muslim holy fasting month of Ramadan, amid the ongoing conflict between Israel and Hamas, in Deir al-Balah, in the central Gaza Strip, on Monday. Majdi Fathi/NurPhoto via Getty Images hide caption

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Majdi Fathi/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Palestinian citizens of Israel hold an anti-war protest in the town of Deir Hanna, Israel, on March 30. Maya Levin for NPR hide caption

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Maya Levin for NPR

Israel's Palestinian citizens grow louder in protesting the Gaza war

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Aviva Siegel in Tel Aviv on April 4, 2024. NPR hide caption

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NPR

A young Palestinian sits on the rubble of a destroyed home following an Israeli military strike on the Rafah refugee camp, in the southern of Gaza Strip, on Oct. 15. Sunday marks six months since the start of the war between Israel and Hamas. Mohammed Abed/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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Mohammed Abed/AFP via Getty Images

How 6 months of Israel's war in Gaza have upended the Middle East

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The damaged area around the Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City on April 1, 2024. Omar El Qattaa for NPR hide caption

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Omar El Qattaa for NPR

Here's what we found after Israel's raid on Al-Shifa, Gaza's biggest hospital

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Luis Har, shown here in Tel Aviv, Israel, on March 27, was taken hostage during the Oct. 7 Hamas attacks and freed by an Israeli special forces operation in February. In captivity, he says, "Every time we fell into depression, we overcame it with stories. We started to say, where are we going to travel to today in our minds?" Tamir Kalifa for NPR hide caption

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Tamir Kalifa for NPR

129 days: How one Israeli hostage in Gaza told stories to endure captivity

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Meirav Eilon Shahr, ambassador of the Permanent Representative Mission of the Israel to the UN, observes the vote on a resolution regarding the Israeli military campaign in Gaza, during the 55th session of the Human Rights Council, at the European headquarters of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland on Friday. Salvatore Di Nofi/AP hide caption

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Salvatore Di Nofi/AP

Palestinians inspect a vehicle with the logo of the World Central Kitchen wrecked by an Israeli airstrike in Deir al Balah, Gaza Strip. Ismael Abu Dayyah/AP hide caption

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Ismael Abu Dayyah/AP

Israel's military dismisses officers over World Central Kitchen airstrike

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