Nelson Mandela, 1918-2013 Anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela struggled for decades to bring freedom to South Africa. In 1994, he became the country's first black president.
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Nelson Mandela, 1918-2013

A well-wisher uses his phone to take a picture of a banner of photos of Nelson Mandela outside the Mediclinic Heart Hospital in Pretoria, where the former South African president is being treated. Ben Curtis/AP hide caption

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Ben Curtis/AP

Near the end of his 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela was taken to secret meetings with government officials and for drives around Cape Town. Here, he returned to his Robben Island prison cell for a visit in 1994, shortly before he became South Africa's first black president. Louise Gubb/Corbis hide caption

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Louise Gubb/Corbis