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Holocaust survivors

This undated photo provided by Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial shows Shlomo Perel at his home in Givatayim, Israel. Perel, who survived the Holocaust through surreal subterfuge and an extraordinary odyssey that inspired his own writing and an internationally renowned film, has died. He was 98. Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial via AP hide caption

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Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial via AP

Alla Ilyinichna Sinelnikova (left), 90, and Sonya Leibovna Tartakovskaya, 83, were recently evacuated from Ukraine to Germany. Both are survivors of the Holocaust, and this is the second time they are fleeing war. "I never thought I would live to see such horror for the second time in my life," says Sinelnikova. "I thought it was in my past, all over and done with. And now we're reliving it." Esme Nicholson/NPR hide caption

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Esme Nicholson/NPR

Ukrainian Holocaust survivors flee war again — this time to Germany

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Boris Romantschenko reads from a piece of paper into a microphone at the Buchenwald memorial on April 12, 2015. He was killed by Russian shelling in Kharkiv. Michael Reichel/Gedenkstätte Buchenwald hide caption

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Michael Reichel/Gedenkstätte Buchenwald

Public officials including Israeli Knesset President Mickey Levy, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz attend a wreath-laying ceremony on International Holocaust Remembrance Day at the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe on Thursday in Berlin. Sean Gallup/Getty Images hide caption

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Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Eddie Jaku pictured just after his 100th birthday, on July 2, 2020. The Holocaust survivor and self-proclaimed "happiest man on Earth" died in Sydney this week. Louise Kennerley/The Sydney Morning Herald via Getty Images hide caption

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Louise Kennerley/The Sydney Morning Herald via Getty Images