In his career, Manning Marable wrote about the struggle for equal rights — and especially the life of Malcolm X. In this file photo from 2001, he posed at his Columbia University office in New York. Mario Tama/Getty Images hide caption toggle caption Mario Tama/Getty Images The Two-Way Marable, A Top Civil Rights Scholar, Dies At 60 April 1, 2011 Manning Marable, one of the leading scholars of African-American history in the United States, has died at age 60. He had been hospitalized with pneumonia last month, according to reports. His book Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention is coming out Monday.