Opinion 13.7: Cosmos And Culture Retirement Home Or Research Lab? Report Weighs Fate Of U.S. Chimpanzees December 15, 2011 Are chimpanzees necessary for biomedical research in the U.S.? Considering today's long-awaited report on this question from the National Academies, anthropologist Barbara J. King suggests the answer is "no," and that "biomedical apes" deserve retirement.