Ahmad Faqi al-Mahdi in the courtroom of the International Criminal Court in the Hague last September. Mahdi pleaded guilty to war crimes over the deliberate destruction of buildings at a UNESCO-listed desert heritage site in Mali in 2012.
Robin Van Lonkhuijsen/AFP/Getty Images
Handout picture dated 1997 and released in 2012 by the UN shows ancient manuscripts displayed at the library in the city of Timbuktu. Al-Qaeda has destroyed ancient texts it considers idolatrous.
Evan Schneider/AFP/Getty Images
French and Malian soldiers patrol next to the Djingareyber Mosque in Timbuktu in 2015. Several of the city's historic and cultural sites were demolished in 2012, during an occupation by Islamist militants.
Philippe Desmazes/AFP/Getty Images