U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees

A Syrian refugee stands on top of a water tank at the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan in 2013. While the surge of Middle Eastern refugees into Europe has grabbed world attention this year, most refugees find shelter close to their homeland, where they often remain for many years. Mohammad Hannon/AP hide caption

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Mohammad Hannon/AP

Afghan children gather at a special medical camp set up by UNHCR to mark World Refugee Day in Islamabad on Friday. The U.N. agency says there were 51.2 million displaced people at the end of 2013, 6 million more than the previous year. Farooq Naeem/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Farooq Naeem/AFP/Getty Images

Syrian-Kurdish children sit on a bed at the Quru Gusik refugee camp in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq, on Aug. 22. Faced with brutal violence and soaring prices, thousands of Syrian Kurds have poured into Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region. UNICEF has reported that over one million Syrian children live as refugees in other countries. Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images