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Ousted Catalan President Carles Puigdemont speaks at a press conference in Belgium last month, after a snap election in Catalonia gave pro-independence factions a slim majority in the regional parliament. Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont (center) is seen in Belgium last month, where he has been living in exile since October. On Tuesday, a Spanish judge withdrew the international warrant for Puigdemont's arrest. Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

Catalan members of the Spanish parliament speak to the press outside Estremera prison, outside of Madrid, on Monday. A judge from Spain's Supreme Court granted bail to six imprisoned former members of the Catalan government, while two other politicians and two activists will remain in jail. Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images hide caption

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Pablo Blazquez Dominguez/Getty Images

Thousands of people rally outside the regional presidential palace in Barcelona, protesting the arrest of Catalan politicians and pushing for Catalonia's independence, which was formally annulled in court Wednesday. The crowd is awash in Catalan independence flags and signs reading "free political prisoners." Manu Fernandez/AP hide caption

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Manu Fernandez/AP

Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont has turned himself in to police in Brussels, following an international warrant for his arrest over Catalonia's attempt to secede from Spain. Getty Images hide caption

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Getty Images

A banner reading "Freedom to political prisoners" hangs from City Hall in Barcelona as a protester waves a Catalan pro-independence Estelada flag during a demonstration on Friday to protest the detention of Catalan officials. Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images

Catalonia's deposed leader, Carles Puigdemont (center), speaks at a news conference in Brussels on Tuesday with other members of his dismissed government. Aurore Belot/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Aurore Belot/AFP/Getty Images

Some people unfold a Spanish flag as another man waves a Catalan pro-independence flag in front of the Catalan government headquarters in Barcelona on Monday. Spain enters uncharted and potentially perilous territory today as Madrid moves to take over the running of Catalonia, in response to the region's parliament unilaterally declaring independence. Lluis Gene /AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Lluis Gene /AFP/Getty Images

A nationalist activist waves a Spanish flag in front of a giant Catalan flag during a mass rally against Catalonia's declaration of independence, in Barcelona on Sunday. Gonzalo Arroyo/AP hide caption

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Gonzalo Arroyo/AP

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy (center) is applauded after a speech in Madrid on Friday in which he appealed to the country's Senate to grant special authority to dissolve Catalonia's regional government. Paul White/AP hide caption

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Paul White/AP

Catalan regional President Carles Puigdemont addresses the media after a ceremony commemorating the 77th anniversary of the death of Catalan leader Lluis Companys at the Montjuic Cemetery in Barcelona, Spain, on Sunday. Manu Fernandez/AP hide caption

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Manu Fernandez/AP

Catalan regional President Carles Puigdemont attends a ceremony commemorating the 77th anniversary of the death of Catalan leader Lluis Companys at the Montjuic Cemetery in Barcelona, Spain, on Sunday. Manu Fernandez/AP hide caption

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Manu Fernandez/AP

People rally in Barcelona for Spain's National Day on Thursday, shouting against the independence of Catalonia. Andrea Baldo/LightRocket via Getty Images hide caption

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Andrea Baldo/LightRocket via Getty Images

Supporters of Catalan independence wave Catalan flags as they drive with tractors through the Arc de Triomf in Barcelona on Tuesday. Jorge Guerrero/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Jorge Guerrero/AFP/Getty Images

Spain's Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy begins a meeting with socialist opposition leader Pedro Sanchez at the Moncloa Palace in Madrid earlier this month. Rajoy has warned Catalonia not to act on an Oct. 1 independence referendum. Paul White/AP hide caption

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Paul White/AP

A banner hangs in the courtyard of a University of Barcelona building that reads, "The future is ours," in Catalan. Students are "occupying" the building ahead of an independence vote. Lauren Frayer for NPR hide caption

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Lauren Frayer for NPR

For Catalonia's Separatists, Language Is The Key To Identity

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The main square of Batea, a town of about 2,000 residents in Spain's northeast region of Catalonia. The mayor opposes Sunday's independence referendum and has not given permission for voting to take place in municipal buildings. Lauren Frayer for NPR hide caption

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Lauren Frayer for NPR

In Spain, Catalans Are Divided Over Independence Vote As Referendum Approaches

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