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Catalonia's deposed leader, Carles Puigdemont (center), speaks at a news conference in Brussels on Tuesday with other members of his dismissed government. Aurore Belot/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Aurore Belot/AFP/Getty Images

Some people unfold a Spanish flag as another man waves a Catalan pro-independence flag in front of the Catalan government headquarters in Barcelona on Monday. Spain enters uncharted and potentially perilous territory today as Madrid moves to take over the running of Catalonia, in response to the region's parliament unilaterally declaring independence. Lluis Gene /AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Lluis Gene /AFP/Getty Images

A nationalist activist waves a Spanish flag in front of a giant Catalan flag during a mass rally against Catalonia's declaration of independence, in Barcelona on Sunday. Gonzalo Arroyo/AP hide caption

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Gonzalo Arroyo/AP

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy (center) is applauded after a speech in Madrid on Friday in which he appealed to the country's Senate to grant special authority to dissolve Catalonia's regional government. Paul White/AP hide caption

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Paul White/AP

Catalan regional President Carles Puigdemont addresses the media after a ceremony commemorating the 77th anniversary of the death of Catalan leader Lluis Companys at the Montjuic Cemetery in Barcelona, Spain, on Sunday. Manu Fernandez/AP hide caption

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Manu Fernandez/AP

Catalan regional President Carles Puigdemont attends a ceremony commemorating the 77th anniversary of the death of Catalan leader Lluis Companys at the Montjuic Cemetery in Barcelona, Spain, on Sunday. Manu Fernandez/AP hide caption

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Manu Fernandez/AP

People rally in Barcelona for Spain's National Day on Thursday, shouting against the independence of Catalonia. Andrea Baldo/LightRocket via Getty Images hide caption

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Andrea Baldo/LightRocket via Getty Images

Supporters of Catalan independence wave Catalan flags as they drive with tractors through the Arc de Triomf in Barcelona on Tuesday. Jorge Guerrero/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Jorge Guerrero/AFP/Getty Images

Spain's Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy begins a meeting with socialist opposition leader Pedro Sanchez at the Moncloa Palace in Madrid earlier this month. Rajoy has warned Catalonia not to act on an Oct. 1 independence referendum. Paul White/AP hide caption

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Paul White/AP

A banner hangs in the courtyard of a University of Barcelona building that reads, "The future is ours," in Catalan. Students are "occupying" the building ahead of an independence vote. Lauren Frayer for NPR hide caption

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Lauren Frayer for NPR

For Catalonia's Separatists, Language Is The Key To Identity

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The main square of Batea, a town of about 2,000 residents in Spain's northeast region of Catalonia. The mayor opposes Sunday's independence referendum and has not given permission for voting to take place in municipal buildings. Lauren Frayer for NPR hide caption

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Lauren Frayer for NPR

In Spain, Catalans Are Divided Over Independence Vote As Referendum Approaches

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People hold Catalan pro-independence flags outside the high court in Barcelona, Spain, on Thursday. After a daylong protest that lasted well into the night, several thousand independence supporters gathered again in front of the high court in what influential separatist organizations said would be a "permanent mobilization" until detained Catalan officials are freed. Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images

A person holds up a ballot during a protest in front of the Economy headquarters of Catalonia's regional government in Barcelona on Wednesday, during street protests against raids by Spanish police. The region plans to hold a referendum on independence on Oct. 1, over the objections of Madrid. Pau Barrena/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Pau Barrena/AFP/Getty Images

People hold a banner reading "I am not afraid" in the Catalan language during an Aug. 26 demonstration condemning the attacks that killed 16 people last month in Barcelona. Manu Fernandez/AP hide caption

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Manu Fernandez/AP

After Barcelona Attacks, Catalans Look Ahead To Independence Vote

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President of the Catalan regional government Carles Puigdemont (center) announced a referendum for independence from Spain on Friday in Barcelona. Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

Spanish rejoneador Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza brandishes a banderilla as he fights a bull during the El Pilar Feria at La Misericordia bullring last week. Alberto Simon /AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Alberto Simon /AFP/Getty Images

Podemos Party leader Pablo Iglesias (right) seen here with Spain's Socialist Party leader Pedro Sanchez, has asked for a referendum on Catalan independence as their two parties negotiate forming a new government. Francisco Seco/AP hide caption

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Francisco Seco/AP

Demonstrators show support for Catalan independence during a protest last week in Barcelona. Spain's Constitutional Court has now ruled that a Nov. 9 declaration of independence by Catalan's regional parliament is unconstitutional. Emilio Morenatti/AP hide caption

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Emilio Morenatti/AP

Junts Pel Si (Together for Yes) member of the Catalan Parliament Marta Rovira gives a thumbs up as she votes to pass the start of the independence process Monday in Barcelona, Spain. David Ramos/Getty Images hide caption

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David Ramos/Getty Images