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California Attorney General Xavier Becerra (left) and Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti announced the city and county of Los Angeles, plus four other cities, were joining California's lawsuit over the 2020 census citizenship question in May. Damian Dovarganes/AP hide caption

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Damian Dovarganes/AP

Marchers carry an LGBTQ pride flag during the Utah Pride Parade in Salt Lake City in June. The Senate bill would require the Census Bureau to protect all sexual orientation and gender identity information it collects. Rick Bowmer/AP hide caption

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Rick Bowmer/AP

Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross (right), who approved adding a citizenship question to the 2020 census, listens during a cabinet meeting with President Trump in the White House on July 18, in Washington, D.C. Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post/Getty Images hide caption

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Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post/Getty Images

The U.S. Census Bureau hosts public meetings of its advisory committees at the agency's headquarters in Suitland, Md. Claire Harbage/NPR hide caption

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Claire Harbage/NPR

Census Bureau Stops Plans For 2020 Census Advisory Committee

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Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, who oversees the census, approved adding a controversial citizenship question to the 2020 census in March. Win McNamee/Getty Images hide caption

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Win McNamee/Getty Images

Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, who oversees the Census Bureau, appears before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform to discuss the 2020 census, in Washington, D.C., in October 2017. J. Scott Applewhite/AP hide caption

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J. Scott Applewhite/AP

Documents Shed Light On Decision To Add Census Citizenship Question

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The U.S. government is conducting a test run of the 2020 census in Rhode Island's Providence County, where many noncitizens living in Central Falls, R.I., say they're planning to avoid participating in the national head count. RussellCreative/Getty Images hide caption

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RussellCreative/Getty Images

Many Noncitizens Plan To Avoid The 2020 Census, Test Run Indicates

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John Gore, acting head of the Justice Department's civil rights division, (right) shakes hands with U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions in Washington, D.C., in April. Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images

An envelope contains a test questionnaire for the 2020 census mailed to a resident in Providence, R.I., as part of the nation's only test run of the upcoming national headcount. A Trump administration plan to include a citizenship question on the 2020 census has prompted legal challenges from many Democratic-led states. Michelle R. Smith/AP hide caption

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Michelle R. Smith/AP

Signs sit behind the podium before the start of a press conference in New York City about the multi-state lawsuit to block the Trump administration from adding a question about citizenship to the 2020 census form. Drew Angerer/Getty Images hide caption

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Drew Angerer/Getty Images

N.J. University Works To Improve Graduation Rates For Latinos

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Sen. Kamala Harris is among a group of Democratic senators calling for an hearing on the addition of a citizenship question to the 2020 census. Andrew Harnik/AP hide caption

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Andrew Harnik/AP

Wendy Becker (left) and Mary Norton of Providence, R.I., raise their hands after the 2006 Massachusetts court ruling that allowed same-sex couples from Rhode Island to marry in Massachusetts. For the 2020 census, the couple can choose the new response category for "same-sex husband/wife/spouse." Boston Globe/Getty Images hide caption

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Boston Globe/Getty Images

2020 Census Will Ask About Same-Sex Relationships

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Mulusew Bekele, director of program operations at African Services Committee based in New York City, supports the U.S. Census Bureau's efforts to collect more detailed data on black people's non-Hispanic origins on the 2020 census. "The more refined data, the better for public policy," he says. Hansi Lo Wang/NPR hide caption

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Hansi Lo Wang/NPR

2020 Census Will Ask Black People About Their Exact Origins

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Jordan Riger, 22, uses her laptop to track attendance for a weekly meeting of Students for the Second Amendment at the University of Delaware in Newark, Del. She sees firearms as tools for self-defense. Hansi Lo Wang/NPR hide caption

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Hansi Lo Wang/NPR

Millennials Are No More Liberal On Gun Control Than Elders, Polls Show

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Members of the Pathfinders 5th Battalion, 101st Combat Aviation Brigade of the 101st Airborne Division, go for a run at Fort Campbell, Ky., in 2013. The Census Bureau says it will count deployed service members as residents of their home bases or ports for the 2020 census. Mark Zaleski/AP hide caption

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Mark Zaleski/AP

2020 Census To Count Deployed Troops At Home Bases, Prisoners At Facilities

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From left to right, Tommy Shiels, Dennis Hayden, John Houlihan and Thomas Ring attend the New York Irish Center's weekly luncheon for seniors in Queens, N.Y. Many attendees say they support the 2020 census asking white people about their origins. Hansi Lo Wang/NPR hide caption

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Hansi Lo Wang/NPR

2020 Census Will Ask White People More About Their Ethnicities

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The U.S. Census Bureau says more research is needed before a separate category for people with roots in the Middle East or North Africa can be added to census forms. PeopleImages/Getty Images/iStockphoto hide caption

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PeopleImages/Getty Images/iStockphoto