Denis Otieno is one of the villagers getting $22 each month from the charity GiveDirectly. He and his wife have used some of the money to buy cypress saplings. They hope to sell the trees for lumber in a few years to pay for their children's education.
Nichole Sobecki for NPR
People line up to withdraw money from an ATM in Allahabad on Dec. 9. The government's removal of 500- and 1,000-rupee notes from circulation triggered a severe cash shortage.
Sanjay Kanojia/AFP/Getty Images