Children in the study were given a twice-yearly dose of the antibiotic azithromycin. Researchers found that their mortality rate was significantly lower than that of untreated children. Science Stock Photography/Science Source hide caption toggle caption Science Stock Photography/Science Source Goats and Soda Could Antibiotics Be A Silver Bullet For Kids In Africa? June 6, 2019 A study from Niger reveals a dramatic drop in mortality among children given a twice-yearly dose of azithromycin. Yet concern remains about the potential impact on antibiotic resistance.