Developing New Medicines/Clinical Trials Guests: Dr. Gillian R. Woollett Associate Vice President for Biologics and Biotechnology PhRMA, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America Washington, DC Robert Finn Author, Cancer Clinical Trials: Experimental Treatments and How They Can Help You (O'Reilly & Associates, 1999) Freelance Science and Medical Journalist Half Moon Bay, California Dr. Joseph Betz Pharmacognosist American Herbal Products Association Silver Spring, Maryland It takes about 15 years and 500 million dollars worth of research for a single new medicine to make it from its original discovery to FDA approval to your local pharmacist. In this "drug pipeline," ten thousand drugs fail for every one that makes it through the rigorous testing required to make sure it's safe and effective. And although herbal medicines have escaped these tough requirements, that may be changing. In this hour, we'll talk about how new medicines are discovered, developed, and tested. Plus, testing new medicines in humans.