Operation Moses In the early eighties, American military planes transported tens of thousands of Ethiopian Jews to Israel in a secret airlift called Operation Moses. This evacuation was one of a series of transport operations which added to the tensions between Arab nations and Israel. The movement was also troubling for the Ethiopians themselves. It also raised citizenship and identity questions in modern Israel. Today, in a continuing series of first-person narratives, we hear the story of Ethiopian Jew Shula Mulah. In 1984, Shulah began her journey toward Israel. She was eleven years old. Her story is produced by Sandy Tolan.