Nigerian writer WOLE SOYINKA (Wo-lay Shaw-INKA) He was the first African to be awarded the Nob... Nigerian writer WOLE SOYINKA (Wo-lay Shaw-INKA) He was the first African to be awarded the Nobel prize for literature (in 1986), and he's been called one of Africa's "finest writers." He is a dramatist, poet, novelist, critic, and political writer. Some of his works have been banned by Nigerian regimes. He's gone into exile several times and has been imprisoned for political protests. He's written 21 books, including "Myth, Literature, and the African World," and his autobiography, "Ake': The Years of Childhood." (Ventura books).