How The Nobel Committee Works The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize is picked by a committee made up of five Norwegians, elected by the country's parliament. Nominees can be put forward by a host of individuals and groups, including members of national assemblies and governments. The nominations must be received by Feb. 1.
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How The Nobel Committee Works

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How The Nobel Committee Works

How The Nobel Committee Works

How The Nobel Committee Works

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The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize is picked by a committee made up of five Norwegians, elected by the country's parliament. Nominees can be put forward by a host of individuals and groups, including members of national assemblies and governments. The nominations must be received by Feb. 1.

MICHELE NORRIS, Host:

With this surprise pick, there are lots of questions today about how the peace prize winner is chosen. Here's what we've learned.

MELISSA BLOCK, Host:

The winner is picked by a committee made up of five Norwegians who are elected by the Norwegian Parliament or Storting. This year's committee is made up of four women and one man.

NORRIS: Who can nominate? Well, members of national assemblies and governments, members of international courts at the Hague, former Nobel Peace Prize laureates, past and present members of the Nobel committee, also, some university professors and directors of peace research institutes and institutes of international affairs.

BLOCK: Nominations must be received by February 1st. This year the committee received the highest number of nominations ever: 205. Thirty-three of those were organizations rather than individuals.

NORRIS: The Nobel committee usually picks its winner by mid September, but not always. The five committee members try to reach a unanimous choice.

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Obama's Nobel Peace Prize A Mixed Blessing At Home

President Obama watches as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas shake hands in New York on Sept. 22. The Nobel Committee recognized President Obama for his efforts to change the tenor abroad. But at home, Obama's win is unlikely to either move or hamper his agenda. Charles Dharapak/AP hide caption

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Charles Dharapak/AP

President Obama watches as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas shake hands in New York on Sept. 22. The Nobel Committee recognized President Obama for his efforts to change the tenor abroad. But at home, Obama's win is unlikely to either move or hamper his agenda.

Charles Dharapak/AP

President Obama's stunning Nobel Peace Prize win may help solidify his international reputation and cement the prize committee's clear desire to repudiate former President George W. Bush.

Back home, however, where the president is grappling with near-record unemployment, an epic health care struggle and wars on two fronts, the honor was, at best, a mixed blessing. Even those who generally support Obama say it carries more than a dollop of political peril.

"It seems so inappropriate, so premature, that it gives sustenance to critics who say he's a celebrity honored for his existence and aspirations, not for his accomplishments," says Thomas Mann of the Brookings Institution.

"With friends like the prize committee," Mann says, "who needs enemies?"

A Wash Domestically?

Though there has been a predictable flurry of criticism from Republicans, strategists from both sides of the aisle say Obama's international recognition won't move, or hamper, his domestic agenda.

"With everything going on, the lines are too well established here for this to make much of a difference," says Carl Forti, a conservative GOP strategist who worked on Republican Mitt Romney's 2008 presidential campaign.

"Obama has been well-received on the world stage, but that doesn't help him operate domestically," he says.

In Obama's own late-morning comments, he also attempted to downplay the prize — and blunt GOP criticism that had already begun. The president said he doesn't deserve to be in the company of those who have been honored before him.

"I am both surprised and deeply humbled by the decision of the Nobel Committee," he said.

"Let me be clear," he said. "I do not view it as a recognition of my own accomplishments, but rather as an affirmation of American leadership on behalf of aspirations held by people in all nations."

The Right Tone

The tone of his brief speech was intended, in part, to counter the morning's Republican talking points and liberal pushback.

GOP Chairman Michael Steele in a statement said it was unfortunate that Obama's "star power" outshined the "real achievements" of others. The conservative Heritage Foundation referred to the award as the "Nobel Intentions Prize."

Meanwhile, the Democratic National Committee and the liberal watchdog site Media Matters wasted no time in comparing the GOP's reaction to that of the Taliban, whose spokesman condemned the award. (The DNC also lumped Republicans in with Hamas, for good measure.)

However, politicos on Capitol Hill were generally more circumspect, leaving the vitriol to other party apparatchiks.

On CNN, Republican Sen. John McCain of Arizona, Obama's opponent in the 2008 presidential race, expressed surprise at the award but said, "Americans are always pleased when their president is recognized by something on this order."

A senior GOP Senate staffer said he would counsel Republicans on Capitol Hill to avoid getting too snarky about the award, because it will have so little influence on pressing domestic issues before Congress, from health care and climate change to proposed overhauls of the nation's financial system.

Ted Widmer, a former speechwriter for President Clinton who is now director of Brown University's John Carter Brown Library, predicted that there would be no negative effect on the president — "except among people who have already decided to hate him forever."

An Impact On Afghanistan Policy?

The question of whether the peace prize will affect how Obama decides to proceed in Afghanistan is trickier.

His liberal Democratic base has been agitating for withdrawal — and may be perplexed at the Nobel committee's decision. In fact, the head of the grass-roots organization Peace Action said that the president's "modest" policy changes in his first nine months in office do not warrant a peace prize, particularly since he is considering sending more troops to Afghanistan.

Conservatives have gotten behind Obama's handpicked commander in Afghanistan, who has called for an Iraq-type surge.

Marina Ottaway at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace predicted that the award won't circumscribe the president's action.

"It could probably make it more difficult for him to declare a major escalation of the war," she says. "On the other hand, all indications have been that he has no intention of doing that in the first place."

"I don't see it as forcing his hand into doing something he wasn't going to do," she said.

The president's decisions on Afghanistan, Widmer says, are based on each day's changing reality on the ground there, and not on any prize.

Though there is no denying that with the prize come expectations of a path to be followed, experts say.

Early Honor

The general consensus is that if Obama handles the prize humbly, as he did in his speech Friday morning, his political clout at home will remain about the same: neither enhanced nor degraded.

"I think the Nobel Committee did this because they want to encourage him both personally and politically," says Jeffrey Kimball, a presidential historian and professor emeritus at Miami University of Ohio.

"Maybe by winning an election, that's part of what he did to earn the prize," Kimball says. "After all, in its history, the committee over the past century has given awards to encourage statesmanship — and also to people who many think should not have won the prize."

Among the more controversial picks was former Nixon Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1973, at the end of the Vietnam War.

But former Democratic Sen. Sam Nunn of Georgia, a foreign policy expert, was among those who hailed the committee's decision as recognition of the new diplomatic path Obama has embarked upon in the post-Bush era.

"He has changed the tone of U.S. foreign policy by making it clear to the world that we are in a race between cooperation and catastrophe," Nunn said in a statement. "And he has reshaped the global focus and debate."

Deepti Choubey, a nuclear proliferation expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, echoed Nunn.

"The award underscores how much the international community wants and needs American leadership — and that's something all Americans appreciate," Choubey said.

So, whether the president looks at the prize as a gift or an albatross, it's now his to make of it what he will. And, in that, there is opportunity and peril — though far less of either than partisans would like to believe.