Rare Mideast Agreement On Obama Prize While official reaction to the Nobel Peace Prize announcement from Palestinian and Israeli leaders was positive, on the streets both sides took a different view. Meanwhile, U.S. envoy George Mitchell met the Israeli and Palestinian leaders Friday, but he seems no closer to reviving formal peace talks.
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Rare Mideast Agreement On Obama Prize

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Rare Mideast Agreement On Obama Prize

Rare Mideast Agreement On Obama Prize

Rare Mideast Agreement On Obama Prize

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  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/113677776/113677731" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
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While official reaction to the Nobel Peace Prize announcement from Palestinian and Israeli leaders was positive, on the streets both sides took a different view. Meanwhile, U.S. envoy George Mitchell met the Israeli and Palestinian leaders Friday, but he seems no closer to reviving formal peace talks.

MICHELE NORRIS, Host:

And as NPR's Lourdes Garcia-Navarro reports from Jerusalem, there was mixed response to Mr. Obama's peace prize.

LOURDES GARCIA: While official reaction to the Nobel announcement from both Palestinian and Israeli leaders was positive, on the streets here, both sides took a different view and were in rare agreement. Outside Jerusalem's main market, 43-year-old Israeli, Shlumi Afta(ph), said that Mr. Obama did not deserve the distinction.

SHLUMI AFTA: (Through translator) He's brand new at his job and hasn't accomplished anything yet. What peace are they even talking about? We are still at war here. There isn't any peace. Something definitely stinks.

GARCIA: At an Israeli checkpoint near the old city, Palestinian Samar Abu Tayeb(ph) expressed a similar frustration.

SAMAR ABU TAYEB: (Through translator) He doesn't deserve this award. He's been unable to pressure Israel on anything. What kind of peace is he preaching?

GARCIA: President Obama promised to make resolving the Israeli- Palestinian issue a centerpiece of his foreign policy agenda. But in a recent poll, only four percent of Jewish Israelis described him as a supporter of their country. And Palestinians, too, are growing angry with the lack of progress in the peace talks.

(SOUNDBITE OF CITY)

GARCIA: This afternoon, on the outskirts of the West Bank city of Ramallah, youth's hurled stones and burned tires while Israeli security forces responded with tear gas. After several months of relative calm here, there have been repeated clashes like this one over access to a compound in Jerusalem's old city, which is holy to both Muslims and Jews. U.S. envoy George Mitchell met the Israeli and Palestinian leaders today, but he seemed no closer to reviving formal peace talks.

AVIGDOR LIEBERMAN: (Foreign language spoken)

GARCIA: The so-called Goldstone Report accused Israel and Hamas of war crimes. Abbas, bound to U.S. pressure, initially withdrew a demand to have consideration of the report expedited. That caused outrage among Palestinians and across the Arab world. Abbas has now changed his position, backing a move to have the report considered as soon as possible by the UN Security Council. But a prominent member of Abbas' party, Mohida Awad(ph), says the damage is already done.

MOHIDA AWAD: (Through translator) It's very serious and will have far- reaching effects. People's confidence in Abbas has eroded. The consequences will be dramatic for the whole Palestinian scene.

GARCIA: Those are already being felt. Awad says the central committee of the ruling Fatah movement met yesterday and agreed that Abbas would not be allowed to make any more concessions to restore peace talks. The issue is also affecting efforts to ease tensions between Fatah and the Hamas militants who control the Gaza strip. There were reports that the two sides were ready to sign a reconciliation agreement later this month in Egypt. But speaking to NPR, Hamas spokesman Ismail Radwan says that is now on hold.

ISMAIL RADWAN: (Through translator) Abbas' decision has had a negative effect on the Palestinian political situation. We are not ready to sit with those who conspired with those who killed and injured our people.

GARCIA: Lourdes Garcia-Navarro, NPR News, Jerusalem.

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Obama's Nobel Peace Prize A Mixed Blessing At Home

President Obama watches as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas shake hands in New York on Sept. 22. The Nobel Committee recognized President Obama for his efforts to change the tenor abroad. But at home, Obama's win is unlikely to either move or hamper his agenda. Charles Dharapak/AP hide caption

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Charles Dharapak/AP

President Obama watches as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas shake hands in New York on Sept. 22. The Nobel Committee recognized President Obama for his efforts to change the tenor abroad. But at home, Obama's win is unlikely to either move or hamper his agenda.

Charles Dharapak/AP

President Obama's stunning Nobel Peace Prize win may help solidify his international reputation and cement the prize committee's clear desire to repudiate former President George W. Bush.

Back home, however, where the president is grappling with near-record unemployment, an epic health care struggle and wars on two fronts, the honor was, at best, a mixed blessing. Even those who generally support Obama say it carries more than a dollop of political peril.

"It seems so inappropriate, so premature, that it gives sustenance to critics who say he's a celebrity honored for his existence and aspirations, not for his accomplishments," says Thomas Mann of the Brookings Institution.

"With friends like the prize committee," Mann says, "who needs enemies?"

A Wash Domestically?

Though there has been a predictable flurry of criticism from Republicans, strategists from both sides of the aisle say Obama's international recognition won't move, or hamper, his domestic agenda.

"With everything going on, the lines are too well established here for this to make much of a difference," says Carl Forti, a conservative GOP strategist who worked on Republican Mitt Romney's 2008 presidential campaign.

"Obama has been well-received on the world stage, but that doesn't help him operate domestically," he says.

In Obama's own late-morning comments, he also attempted to downplay the prize — and blunt GOP criticism that had already begun. The president said he doesn't deserve to be in the company of those who have been honored before him.

"I am both surprised and deeply humbled by the decision of the Nobel Committee," he said.

"Let me be clear," he said. "I do not view it as a recognition of my own accomplishments, but rather as an affirmation of American leadership on behalf of aspirations held by people in all nations."

The Right Tone

The tone of his brief speech was intended, in part, to counter the morning's Republican talking points and liberal pushback.

GOP Chairman Michael Steele in a statement said it was unfortunate that Obama's "star power" outshined the "real achievements" of others. The conservative Heritage Foundation referred to the award as the "Nobel Intentions Prize."

Meanwhile, the Democratic National Committee and the liberal watchdog site Media Matters wasted no time in comparing the GOP's reaction to that of the Taliban, whose spokesman condemned the award. (The DNC also lumped Republicans in with Hamas, for good measure.)

However, politicos on Capitol Hill were generally more circumspect, leaving the vitriol to other party apparatchiks.

On CNN, Republican Sen. John McCain of Arizona, Obama's opponent in the 2008 presidential race, expressed surprise at the award but said, "Americans are always pleased when their president is recognized by something on this order."

A senior GOP Senate staffer said he would counsel Republicans on Capitol Hill to avoid getting too snarky about the award, because it will have so little influence on pressing domestic issues before Congress, from health care and climate change to proposed overhauls of the nation's financial system.

Ted Widmer, a former speechwriter for President Clinton who is now director of Brown University's John Carter Brown Library, predicted that there would be no negative effect on the president — "except among people who have already decided to hate him forever."

An Impact On Afghanistan Policy?

The question of whether the peace prize will affect how Obama decides to proceed in Afghanistan is trickier.

His liberal Democratic base has been agitating for withdrawal — and may be perplexed at the Nobel committee's decision. In fact, the head of the grass-roots organization Peace Action said that the president's "modest" policy changes in his first nine months in office do not warrant a peace prize, particularly since he is considering sending more troops to Afghanistan.

Conservatives have gotten behind Obama's handpicked commander in Afghanistan, who has called for an Iraq-type surge.

Marina Ottaway at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace predicted that the award won't circumscribe the president's action.

"It could probably make it more difficult for him to declare a major escalation of the war," she says. "On the other hand, all indications have been that he has no intention of doing that in the first place."

"I don't see it as forcing his hand into doing something he wasn't going to do," she said.

The president's decisions on Afghanistan, Widmer says, are based on each day's changing reality on the ground there, and not on any prize.

Though there is no denying that with the prize come expectations of a path to be followed, experts say.

Early Honor

The general consensus is that if Obama handles the prize humbly, as he did in his speech Friday morning, his political clout at home will remain about the same: neither enhanced nor degraded.

"I think the Nobel Committee did this because they want to encourage him both personally and politically," says Jeffrey Kimball, a presidential historian and professor emeritus at Miami University of Ohio.

"Maybe by winning an election, that's part of what he did to earn the prize," Kimball says. "After all, in its history, the committee over the past century has given awards to encourage statesmanship — and also to people who many think should not have won the prize."

Among the more controversial picks was former Nixon Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1973, at the end of the Vietnam War.

But former Democratic Sen. Sam Nunn of Georgia, a foreign policy expert, was among those who hailed the committee's decision as recognition of the new diplomatic path Obama has embarked upon in the post-Bush era.

"He has changed the tone of U.S. foreign policy by making it clear to the world that we are in a race between cooperation and catastrophe," Nunn said in a statement. "And he has reshaped the global focus and debate."

Deepti Choubey, a nuclear proliferation expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, echoed Nunn.

"The award underscores how much the international community wants and needs American leadership — and that's something all Americans appreciate," Choubey said.

So, whether the president looks at the prize as a gift or an albatross, it's now his to make of it what he will. And, in that, there is opportunity and peril — though far less of either than partisans would like to believe.