When it comes to marriage, education didn't use to matter. In 1970, across all education levels, roughly the same proportion of people got married — about 82 percent of women and 87 percent of men. But as Americans as a whole have become better educated and as overall marriage rates have declined, a significant gap has emerged.
Today, among U.S.-born 30- to 44-year-olds, the more educated you are, the more likely you are to be married.
It's a slightly different story for blacks. Black wives have long been more likely than whites to be in the labor force. Already in 1970, black women faced a marriage gap: Those with college degrees were more likely to be married. That remains true today. But as the Pew report notes, marriage overall has declined more sharply among African-Americans than the population as a whole.