'Fresh Air' Remembers Journalist Daniel SchorrNPR senior news analyst Daniel Schorr died a week ago at the age of 93. Schorr covered Watergate for CBS and broke many major stories, including a secret U.S. plot to assassinate Fidel Castro. Fresh Air remembers the legendary broadcast journalist with highlights from a 1994 interview.
Dan Schorr in his office at NPR.
Dan Schorr in his office at NPR.
Bob Woodward once described Daniel Schorr as "one of the finest broadcast journalists and ... one of the toughest reporters in the business."
Schorr, who died July 23 at age 93, got his start with Edward R. Murrow, who invited him to work for CBS News. Schorr stayed at CBS from 1953 to 1976, where he won multiple Emmys for his coverage of Watergate. He also broke many major stories, including a secret U.S. plot to assassinate Fidel Castro.
After leaving CBS, Schorr went to work for CNN until 1985, when he moved to NPR. For the past 25 years, he was NPR's senior news analyst. In 1994, Schorr joined Terry Gross on Fresh Air for a conversation about the 20th anniversary of Nixon's resignation. He reflected on his career and on becoming a small part of the Watergate story himself, when he was named to President Nixon's so-called Enemies List. He said he counted his inclusion on the list as his greatest achievement as a journalist.
Schorr was inducted to the Hall of Fame of the Society of Professional Journalists and received a Peabody award for "a lifetime of uncompromising reporting of the highest integrity." He is survived by his wife, Lisbeth; a son, Jonathan Schorr; a daughter, Lisa Kaplan; a son-in-law, Alex Kaplan; and a granddaughter, Nora Rose.
During a career of more than six decades, Daniel Schorr earned many awards for journalistic excellence, including three Emmys.
Paula Darte for NPR
A child of Belarussian immigrants, Schorr was born in the Bronx in 1916. He got his first scoop at age 12, when he saw the body of a woman who had jumped or fallen from the roof of his apartment building. He called the police and the Bronx Home News. The paper paid him $5 for the information.
In his autobiography Staying Tuned: A Life In Journalism, Schorr writes that in high school, he was president of the Hebrew Society, managing editor of the senior yearbook, and a member of the History Honor Society and the school paper.
Schorr served in U.S. Army intelligence during World War II.
Schorr joined CBS News in 1953 as its diplomatic correspondent in Washington, D.C., and also traveled on assignment to Latin America, Europe and Asia.
Schorr used a typewriter to file his scripts, but sent his first script via e-mail in December 2009.
Schorr was one of "Murrow's boys," the celebrated news team put together by Edward R. Murrow at CBS in the 1940s.
In 1955, Schorr opened a CBS bureau in Moscow. "CBS seemed not at all displeased when I was periodically cut off the air ... for defying censorship, and finally excluded from Russia altogether."
Schorr's 2 1/2-year stay in Moscow culminated in the first-ever exclusive television interview with a Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev — filmed in his Kremlin office in 1957 for CBS' Face the Nation. From left are Khrushchev, the show's host Stuart Novins, journalist B.J. Cutler and Schorr.
CBS Photo Archive/Getty Images
From 1957 to 1959, Schorr reported from Washington and the United Nations. He covered Khrushchev's tumultuous tour of the U.S. and the rise of Fidel Castro in Havana, and traveled with President Eisenhower to South America, Asia and Europe.
Daniel Schorr interviews the mayor of West Berlin, Willy Brandt, in 1962.
Schorr covers a visit by Sen. Robert Kennedy to the poverty-stricken Mississippi Delta in 1967.
Broadcast journalist Walter Cronkite stands before a group of television monitors showing the CBS News Correspondents for the show Eyewitness. Schorr is seen at the top right. Also pictured: Charles Kuralt, David Schoenbrun, Marvin Kalb, Winston Brudett and Howard K. Smith.
CBS Photo Archive/Getty Images
Schorr works at a press table during the Watergate hearings on June 1, 1973, while on assignment for CBS News.
Gjon Mili//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images
Schorr appears before the Senate Judiciary subcommittee on constitutional rights to testify as the subject of an FBI investigation, on Feb. 1, 1972. The Nixon White House said it ordered the investigation because Schorr was being considered for a federal job — one which Schorr said he knew nothing about.
CIA Director George Bush (left) exchanges words with Schorr on Feb. 18, 1976, prior to giving a closed-door briefing to members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Schorr appears before the House ethics committee in Washington, on Sept. 15, 1976. Schorr refused to tell the panel the name of the source who leaked a copy of a secret House Intelligence Committee report. Behind him is his wife, Lisbeth.
In 1979, Schorr was among the first hired by Ted Turner and Reese Schoenfeld to deliver commentary and news analysis on the fledgling Cable News Network (CNN).
Schorr is pictured in 1982 with a 10-foot satellite dish in front of his home in Washington, D.C.'s Cleveland Park neighborhood. In 1979, Ted Turner gave him the dish — the first residential one to be installed in the city — after hiring Schorr, then 62, as the marquee correspondent for CNN.
Diana Walker/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images
Schorr talks about his book Staying Tuned: A Life in Journalism, May 6, 2001, on Meet the Press at the NBC studios in Washington, D.C.
Schorr covers the 2006 U.S. House elections from NPR's Studio 4A on Nov. 7, 2006. Schorr worked primarily as a senior news analyst for NPR after leaving CNN in 1985.
Schorr is seen with his son, Jonathan, wife, Lisbeth, and daughter, Lisa, in this family photo.
Courtesy of Daniel Schorr
Working for NPR, Schorr contributed regularly to All Things Considered, Weekend Edition Saturday, Weekend Edition Sunday, and NPR live coverage of breaking news.
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Daniel Schorr, a longtime senior news analyst for NPR and a veteran Washington journalist who broke major stories at home and abroad during the Cold War and Watergate, has died. He was 93.
Schorr, who once described himself as a "living history book," passed away Friday morning at a Washington hospital. His family did not provide a cause of death.
As a journalist, Schorr was able to bring to contemporary news commentary a deep sense of how governmental institutions and players operate, as well as the perspective gained from decades of watching history upfront.
An NPR Tribute To Daniel Schorr
Dan Schorr Memorial Special
"He could compare presidents from Eisenhower on through, and that gave him historical context for things," said Donald A. Ritchie, Senate historian and author of a book about the Washington press corps. "He had lived it, he had worked it and he had absorbed it. That added a layer to his broadcasting that was hard for somebody his junior to match."
Schorr's 20-year career as a foreign correspondent began in 1946. After serving in U.S. Army intelligence during World War II, he began writing from Western Europe for the Christian Science Monitor and later The New York Times, witnessing postwar reconstruction, the Marshall Plan and the creation of the NATO alliance.
Schorr joined CBS News in 1953 as one of "Murrow's boys," the celebrated news team put together by Edward R. Murrow. He reopened the network's Moscow bureau, which had been shuttered by Joseph Stalin in 1947. Ten years later, Schorr scored an exclusive broadcast interview with Nikita Khrushchev, the U.S.S.R. Communist Party chief -- the first-ever with a Soviet leader. Schorr was barred from the U.S.S.R. later that year after repeatedly defying Soviet censors.
He covered the building of the Berlin Wall as CBS bureau chief for Germany and Western Europe. In 1962, he aired a celebrated portrait of citizens living under Communist rule in East Germany.
He was reassigned to Washington in 1966. Other reporters in the bureau were already covering major institutions such as Congress or the State Department, so Schorr assigned himself to cover the implementation of President Johnson's Great Society programs.
"No one had such a beat," recalled his bureau colleague Roger Mudd. "He was everywhere. He had almost carte blanche to cover Washington."
David Broder, a longtime political reporter and columnist for The Washington Post, added: "I think he's unique in the sense that he's been at the center of so many different stories, both here in Washington and overseas, for so long. He kept his perspective so well and does not ever exaggerate what's taking place, but really let you know why it's important."
Schorr was surprised to find himself on the so-called Enemies List that had been drawn up by Richard Nixon's White House when he read it on the air. The list -- naming hundreds of political opponents, entertainers and publications considered hostile to the administration -- became the basis for one of the charges of impeachment against Nixon.
Schorr, along with some other members of the list, counted his inclusion on it as his greatest achievement.
Schorr won Emmys in each of the Watergate years of 1972, 1973 and 1974. Over the course of his long career, he was honored with numerous other decorations and awards, including a Peabody for "a lifetime of uncompromising reporting of the highest integrity." Schorr was inducted into the Hall of Fame of the Society of Professional Journalists.
"He was sophisticated about the government and how it works," Mudd said. "He was a damned vacuum cleaner, is what he was."
In 1975, Schorr reported on assassinations that had been carried out by the CIA. "The anger of the administration can be gauged from Richard Helms' denunciation of Schorr," historian Garry Wills recounts in his 2010 book, Bomb Power.
Helms, then the CIA director, confronted Schorr in the presence of other reporters at the White House, calling him names such as "son of a bitch" and "killer."
"Killer Schorr: That's what they ought to call you," Helms said.
In 1976, Schorr reported on the findings of the Pike Committee, which had investigated illegal CIA and FBI activities. The committee had voted to keep its final report secret, but Schorr leaked a copy to the Village Voice, which published it.
Schorr was threatened with a $100,000 fine and jail time for contempt of Congress. But during congressional testimony, Schorr refused to identify his source, citing First Amendment protections. The House ethics committee voted 6 to 5 against a contempt citation.
But CBS had already taken Schorr off the air. He ultimately resigned from the network that year.
"CBS found that, like other big corporations, it did not like to offend the Congress," Mudd said. "He broke his ties to CBS and before they could fire him, he resigned."
An Enduring Career
In 1979, Schorr was hired to provide commentary for the fledgling CNN. The network inaugurated its programming the following year with his interview with President Jimmy Carter. But in 1985, his contract was not renewed, which Schorr counted as his second "firing."
"Schorr was always a person to challenge what the government was saying and being skeptical and contrary," said Ritchie, the Senate historian.
"It really is true that I would sometimes stand up for principle at the risk of my job," he told his son Jonathan for an interview on NPR's Weekend Edition last year. "It is also true that when I lose my job I get terribly nervous."
Upon leaving CNN, Schorr joined NPR, where he had been doing occasional commentaries for several years. He had been a senior news analyst for NPR ever since. He also wrote a column for the Christian Science Monitor for decades.
Dan Schorr On His Own Career
In 2000, this interview with Dan was produced as part of NPR's promotional materials.
"What passes for commentary today is almost all opinion," Ritchie said, "but Schorr was part of that breed of commentators who dug up information before they pontificated about it."
Schorr was born in the Bronx in 1916, the son of Belorussian immigrants. He got his first scoop at age 12, when he saw the body of a woman who had jumped or fallen from the roof of his apartment building. He called the police -- and the Bronx Home News, which paid him $5 for the information.
"It was the first time I'd ever seen a dead person in my life," he told NPR's Robert Siegel in a 2006 interview on All Things Considered marking Schorr's 90th birthday.
"Why didn't I react more emotionally to that? It was the essential journalist who manages to absent himself from the situation and simply report it without feeling it," Schorr said.
Schorr is survived by his wife, Lisbeth; a son, Jonathan Schorr; a daughter, Lisa Kaplan; a son-in-law, Alex Kaplan; and a granddaughter, Nora Rose.