In a Paris suburb, the Merkaz Hatorah Jewish school was firebombed last month.
There's a bitter dispute over the European Union's alleged suppression of a report blaming a new wave of anti-Semitism on Muslim youth and on anti-globalization activists. An EU poll found that nearly 60 percent of its citizens believe Israel is the greatest threat to world peace.
Over the last three years, across Europe, Jewish cemeteries and synagogues have been attacked and Jewish students beaten. The violence has been blamed on young Muslim males whose anger is fueled by what they see as Israeli oppression of Palestinian Arabs.
The anti-Semitic incidents come against the backdrop of Germany's attempts to finally move beyond its Nazi past.
NPR's Sylvia Poggioli reports on the controversy.