Soviet composer Dmitri Shostakovich wrote 15 symphonies, 15 string quartets, 6 concertos and hours of film scores during his career.
Conductor Valery Gergiev: His Lighter Side
Conductor Leon Botstein: Neither Hero nor Martyr
Botstein: His 'Ironic Powerlessness'
Cellist David Finckel: Man and His Music
Immersing yourself in Dmitri Shostakovich's complete works would take days, but familiarizing yourself with his music should take no more than an afternoon. And it will not be painful.
Simon Morrison, a Russian music scholar at Princeton University, says Shostakovich "was a composer interested in social discourse. He sought to engage, rather than alienate, his audiences."
Morrison picks three of the most engaging Shostakovich pieces, noting that "these three works, clustered relatively close together in Shostakovich's career, represent the different facets of his general style."
The Style: Subversive Neoclassicism
The Composition: Third String Quartet in F Major, 1946 — "A typical early piece," says Morrison, noting that there's "almost an element of ugliness built into the texture" of the music.
Must-Have CD: Shostakovich: The String Quartets by the Emerson String Quartet, which won 2 Grammys for a 5-disc box set featuring all of Shostakovich's 15 string quartets.
The Style: Bombastic (and Marvelously Noisy) Heroism
The Composition: Fifth Symphony, 1937 — A "landmark heroic period piece" that was Shostakovich's attempt to "conform to Soviet-era symphonies," says Morrision. The traditional structure and instrumentation evoke a "narrative representation of a hero's life and death."
Must-Have CD: Shostakovich: Symphonie, No. 5, Op. 47 by Yevgeny Mravinsky
The Style: Brooding Introspection
The Composition: Piano Trio in E Minor, 1944 — A "masterpiece of compelling dark somber melodic lines" that suggests a "tragic, internal depression," says Morrison. He notes that the melody is beautiful and the texture beguiling.
Must-Have CD: Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky: Trios by Argerich, Kremer and Maisky