The Welcome Voice of an Unwelcome Change Ira Harkey was the owner, publisher and editor of The Chronicle Star in Pascagoula, Miss., during the Civil Rights Era. He made a name for himself by taking the side of equal justice for blacks in the Jim Crow South. Harkey died Sunday at 88. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1963 for his editorials supporting school integration. Michele Norris talks with Harkey's eldest son, Ira Harkey III, who is also a journalist.
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The Welcome Voice of an Unwelcome Change

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The Welcome Voice of an Unwelcome Change

The Welcome Voice of an Unwelcome Change

The Welcome Voice of an Unwelcome Change

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Ira Harkey was the owner, publisher and editor of The Chronicle Star in Pascagoula, Miss., during the Civil Rights Era. He made a name for himself by taking the side of equal justice for blacks in the Jim Crow South. Harkey died Sunday at 88. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1963 for his editorials supporting school integration. Michele Norris talks with Harkey's eldest son, Ira Harkey III, who is also a journalist.

MICHELE NORRIS, Host:

Ira B. Harkey, Jr., did just that as publisher, owner and editor of The Chronicle Star in Pascagoula, Mississippi. Harkey died on Sunday at the age of 88. During the height of the civil rights struggle, he used his newspaper to push for integration. His editorials earned him a Pulitzer Prize and his son, Ira Harkey, III says they also earned a caustic response.

IRA HARKEY: He was an amazing man. He was ahead of his time in that regard.

NORRIS: Did your father have a hard time filling his newsroom with people who were willing to withstand the criticism and the threats?

HARKEY: You mean, hiring staff writers?

NORRIS: Hiring staff writers who were willing to walk out on a limb along with him?

HARKEY: Some were, and some weren't. I know he got a lot of criticism from certain ones. Certain staffers were in support, although quietly maybe.

NORRIS: In 1963, he won a Pulitzer Prize.

HARKEY: Right.

NORRIS: And not long after that he decided to sell the paper. Why did he sell the paper and how hard a decision was that for him?

HARKEY: I think it was a pretty hard decision because he always said that he didn't really feel like he had changed any minds in the town, that he had been of no value whatsoever in changing the minds of people.

NORRIS: If I can just quote something from his memoir, The Smell of Burning Crosses, he wrote that he "could not bear to exist in the vacuum of ostracism that remained in the force after victory."

HARKEY: Right.

NORRIS: "I could not function in the silence of total isolation, as if I were underwater or in galactic space." It sounds like it was quite difficult for him afterward.

HARKEY: And it turned out to be a wonderful, wonderful experience for him and it really - his spirits were lifted and it turned out pretty well when he did come back. And I'm glad for him and I'm glad it happened. I think a lot of attitudes have been changed and we'll miss him. It's going to be a, you know, a tremendous loss and not just for his family but for all who benefited or knew him.

NORRIS: Did they applaud him?

HARKEY: Yeah. They did.

NORRIS: What was it like for you?

HARKEY: Well, I just - I think I had goose bumps. That's what it meant to me.

NORRIS: Well, Mr. Harkey, thank you so much for sharing your memories with us.

HARKEY: Well, I appreciate it.

NORRIS: That's Ira Harkey, III, remembering his father. Ira B. Harkey, Jr., died on Sunday. He was 88.

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