Finding Security In Fundamental Freedoms In 1953 at the height of McCarthyism, Sen. Margaret Chase Smith recorded a statement for Edward R. Murrow's This I Believe program. Her essay expressed her belief in freedom of speech and warned against demagogues who threatened American security.

Finding Security In Fundamental Freedoms

Smith reads her "This I Believe" essay.

  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">

Margaret Chase Smith, a Republican Senator from Maine, served from 1949 to 1973. Hulton Archive/Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption
Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Margaret Chase Smith, a Republican Senator from Maine, served from 1949 to 1973.

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Questions Or Comments?

Many nights I go home from the office or the Senate floor tired and discouraged. There's lots of glory and prestige and limelight for a United States senator that the public sees. But there's just as much grief and harassment and discouragement that the public doesn't see.

Of course, like everyone else, I went into public service and politics with my eyes wide open. I knew that any public official is fair game for slander and smear and carping criticism. I knew that ingratitude was to be expected. I knew that fair-weather friends would turn on me when they felt I no longer served their purposes. I knew that I would be called all sorts of names from crook on down. I should have known that chances were good that I would even be accused of being a traitor to my country.

These things I knew. But I never knew how vicious they could get and how deeply they could cut. It is these things I think of when I'm tired and discouraged — and when I wonder if being a Senator is worth all that I put into it. These are the times when I consider quitting public life and retreating to the comforts and luxury of private life.

But these times have always been the very times when I became all the more convinced that all the sorrow, abuse, harassment and vilification was not too high a price or sacrifice to pay. For it is then that I ask myself, "What am I doing this for?"

I realize that I am doing it because I believe in certain things — things without which life wouldn't mean much to me.

This I do believe — that life has a real purpose: that God has assigned to each human being a role in life, that each of us has a purposeful task, that our individual roles are all different but that each of us has the same obligation to do the best we can.

I believe that every human being I come in contact with has a right to courtesy and consideration from me. I believe that I should not ask or expect from anyone else that which I am not willing to grant or do myself. I believe that I should be able to take anything that I can dish out. I believe that every living person has the right to criticize constructively, the right honestly to hold unpopular beliefs, the right to protest orderly, the right of independent thought.

I believe that no one has a right to own our souls except God.

I believe that freedom of speech should not be so abused by some that it is not exercised by others because of fear and smear. But I do believe that we should not permit tolerance to degenerate into indifference. I believe that people should never get so indifferent, cynical and sophisticated that they don't get shocked into action.

I believe that we should not forget how to disagree agreeably and how to criticize constructively. I believe with all my heart that we must not become a nation of mental mutes blindly following demagogues. I believe that in our constant search for security we can never gain any peace of mind until we secure our own soul.

And this I do believe above all, especially in my times of greater discouragement, that I must believe — that I must believe in my fellow men, that I must believe in myself, that I must believe in God — if life is to have any meaning.

In lieu of commenting on this essay, This I Believe invites you to submit your own statement of belief.