Among Benefits For Walmart Workers: A Degree The world's largest retailer is offering its 1.4 million employees a college education. Education experts say it's an experiment worth watching, but it's up to the students to make the program a success.
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Among Benefits For Walmart Workers: A Degree

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Among Benefits For Walmart Workers: A Degree

Among Benefits For Walmart Workers: A Degree

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LYNN NEARY, Host:

But as NPR's Claudio Sanchez reports, it's Walmart employees who will determine whether this partnership succeeds.

CLAUDIO SANCHEZ: Every night at 9 p.m., James Boskell sits at his dining room table with his laptop to work on his college degree.

M: I'm trying to remember...

(SOUNDBITE OF TYPING)

M: We go to APUS.edu,and I'll sign in.

(SOUNDBITE OF TYPING)

SANCHEZ: Tonight, he's cleared away the cats, the markers and pieces of construction paper usually left over from one of his kid's school projects, and logged on to a couple of online courses.

M: The first one is Foundations of Online Learning, and then Proficiency in Writing. I'll be writing a paper - probably either later this evening or tomorrow.

(SOUNDBITE OF TYPING)

SANCHEZ: Boskell, 36, is a zone merchandise supervisor at Walmart in Elkton, Maryland. He dropped out of college 14 years ago and bounced around before taking a part-time job pushing carts and selling shoes at Walmart. So last June, when the company announced it was going to help employees sign up for college, Boskell was one of the first to jump at the chance.

M: In the back of my head it's always been there - like, what if you finish school, or why didn't you finish school? And honestly, this is something to better myself.

SANCHEZ: Walmart isn't sure how many of its employees are as motivated as Boskell, but when it surveyed 32,000 workers - from store managers to cashiers - 70 percent liked the idea of taking college courses online, especially if it led to a four-year degree.

M: We were really blown away by that statistic. We did not expect there to be as much acceptance with such a large population as we saw in those survey results.

SANCHEZ: Alicia Ledlie Brew is Walmart's director for lifelong learning.

M: Following up on that survey, we kept hearing again and again people saying, I've tried going back to school, and it's just very hard for me to make my schedule work with my family and my work life.

SANCHEZ: For Walmart, it was a marriage made in heaven. But for Wally Boston, president and CEO of American Public University, initially there were concerns.

M: We did not want to put ourselves in a situation where our reputation for quality was damaged.

SANCHEZ: Boston was afraid that potentially doubling APU's enrollment might stretch its services and instructors beyond their capabilities, especially because Walmart employees tend to be older adults, juggling work and family.

M: An adult population is actually considered high-risk. And the reason is, there are so many distractions. You can have debt issues and managing your budget, and those problems in life can exacerbate someone's ability to complete an academic degree and many times, leads to students dropping out.

SANCHEZ: Walmart's Alicia Ledlie Brew says the company is putting $50 million into this project over the next three years, to make sure it succeeds. But almost all of that money is to help employees with tuition, not prepare them for college-level work.

M: Is it appropriate that some of that money be spent on remediation? Should we be helping people get ready to go to college?

SANCHEZ: So far, only 400 Walmart employees have signed up. The company wants to roll the project out slowly. As for James Boskell:

M: Good morning, everybody. Could I have the hardline and metroplex department managers...

SANCHEZ: It's 8:30 a.m., and Boskell is well into his morning routine, meeting with other managers and helping out at the cash register. He's efficient, likeable, and moving up in the company. A bachelor's degree from American Public University will be icing on the cake. His real education, he says, has been here on the job. In fact, APU is giving Boskell credits for the 14 years he's worked at Walmart.

M: You know, I don't expect to get 80 percent of my degree on experience credits, but the time that I've put in here is valued. And that meant a lot to me.

SANCHEZ: Claudio Sanchez, NPR News.

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