STEVE INSKEEP, Host:
Ordinary citizens occasionally catch pirates and turn them in. NPR's Frank Langfitt reports on Somaliland's pirate neighborhood watch.
(SOUNDBITE OF CRASHING WAVES)
FRANK LANGFITT: Unidentified Man: (Unintelligible)
(SOUNDBITE OF RADIO)
LANGFITT: Suleman Ahmen Aden is a fisherman on these sun-beaten shores. He's lying beneath what looks like a lean-to made of garbage, listening to an Islamic religious show on his transistor radio. On closer examination, the lean-to is actually Aden's fishing raft. It's made of wood and Styrofoam lashed together with rope and wire. When the winds subside, Aden launches his raft into the waves.
SULEMAN AHMEN ADEN: (Foreign language spoken)
LANGFITT: Aden, who wears a long black beard and a red-checked scarf around his head, says he rarely sees pirates this close in.
AHMEN ADEN: (Through translator) We saw some once, a year ago. Their boat engines were stuck, so they had to beach here.
LANGFITT: Aden said the pirates were armed with rocket-propelled grenade launchers and AK-47s. Despite their fearsome reputation, Aden says he wasn't afraid of the pirates.
AHMEN ADEN: (Through translator) They were so tired and exhausted. They'd been in the sea a long time, floating and sailing without food. We pretended we were welcoming them and that's how we arrested them.
LANGFITT: Pirates, though, are not always so easy to subdue. Omer Ahmed is a clan leader in Karin, another coastal town. He says last year local villagers captured more than a dozen suspected pirates. One citizen's arrest came after a tip that a suspicious boat was heading their way. Ahmed said residents fanned out to look for the vessel.
OMER AHMED: (Through translator) The pirates came off the boats, onto the beach, and went into hiding. And then came out and we chased them. We even fought them, but were able to overpower them.
LANGFITT: Scholars give Somaliland high marks for fighting piracy. Stig J. Hansen teaches international relations at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences and has studied piracy since 2005. He says Somalilanders have a national identity and a sense of duty which inspires them to crack down on pirates.
STIG J: That means that it's very hard for the pirates who are operating inside Somaliland.
LANGFITT: Hansen says people here also arrest pirates because they want to impress the outside world, in hopes of gaining diplomatic recognition. But he says sometimes Somalilanders go too far and arrest innocent fisherman from Puntland, a neighboring pirate hotspot.
HANSEN: They are stereotyping. They're basically claiming that all these are pirates, but there are innocent people there.
LANGFITT: Life is harsh along the Gulf of Aden. Ali Samater Abdi herds camels in the dunes near the beach. Three years ago, he had more than 100 camels. Drought has killed most of them, leaving just 15. So Abdi, who wears a torn white T-shirt and matching Somali sarong, has turned to fishing.
ALI SAMATER ABDI: (Through translator) I have no equipment to fish, or boats, nothing. When I cast my net in the sea, I just sit on a piece of wood and paddle and catch as many fish as I can.
LANGFITT: Some days Abdi catches two fish; other days four. He keeps a couple for his family to eat. Then he walks three hours in rubber sandals to the Somaliland port city of Berbera, where he trades them for vegetables. The quickest way for Abdi to turn his life around would be piracy. One good hijacking can pay a pirate 35 to 50 thousand dollars - a fortune in this part of the world. I wondered if Abdi had ever considered it. His answer was swift.
SAMATER ABDI: (Through translator) Pirates are bad. It's an issue that is bad for the country and for the world. As I result, I will never be one.
LANGFITT: Frank Langfitt, NPR News.
NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.