Political Problems Mounting For Iran's Ahmadinejad Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is under attack from the press, Parliament and many of the conservative clergy who once supported him. Why the hostility? He has challenged Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khameni's power. Ahmadinejad appears to be trying to extend his influence beyond the end of his term in 2013.
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Political Problems Mounting For Iran's Ahmadinejad

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Political Problems Mounting For Iran's Ahmadinejad

Political Problems Mounting For Iran's Ahmadinejad

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SIEGEL: As NPR's Mike Shuster reports, Admandinejad has been accused of adopting a deviant position and of trying to circumvent Iran's clerics on religious matters.

MIKE SHUSTER: The conservative press now refers to Admandinejad and his advisors as the deviant team. The number of supporters he has within the governing system in Iran is dwindling, says Alireza Nader, an Iran analyst at the RAND Corporation.

ALIREZA NADER: There's tension between him and the supreme leader. He doesn't get along with Parliament. There's a lot of tension between him and the Guardian Council. And the head of the Guardian Council was a strong Ahmadinejad supporter. So he is slowly being squeezed by all the most important players in Iranian politics.

SHUSTER: Why all this hostility? In essence, because Ahmadinejad has challenged Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Ahmadinejad and those around him have sought to portray the president as preeminent in matters of both religion and policy. He's trying to create new constituencies, says Trita Parsi, the director of the National Iranian American Council.

TRITA PARSI: He's been trying to play the Persian nationalist card, for instance, which is very, very popular in Iran, and particularly among those who despise the Islamic Republic. Whether he will be successful in that, of course, is a different matter. But it shows that he is himself aware that he needs to have a stronger platform and constituency in order to be able to continue this effort of his.

SHUSTER: At the same time, he has initiated cash payments to many in Iran to ease the economic pain, notes Hossein Askari, an expert on Iran's economy at George Washington University.

HOSSEIN ASKARI: Nobody else had the courage to do this. He jumped on it because I think he saw this as a way to become even more of a populist. He wanted to target these cash payments to the poor.

SHUSTER: All this is designed with a clear political purpose in mind, to put forward his chief of staff, Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, as the presidential candidate to succeed him, says Alireza Nader.

NADER: This is not a man who is going to give up power easily, and since he can't run for another term, he wants to use Mashaei as basically his proxy.

SHUSTER: Hossein Askari agrees.

ASKARI: He is trying to make sure that he is the power behind the throne when the two years are up.

SHUSTER: But it's a dangerous gambit, and it's brought him into direct conflict with Ayatollah Khamenei, who wields ultimate power in the Islamic Republic. So far, in all the head-to-head clashes that have taken place recently, Khamenei has come out the winner. Ahmadinejad effectively conceded that in a recent television interview, where he appeared contrite.

MAHMOUD ADMANDINEJAD: (Foreign language spoken).

SHUSTER: But that appearance has done nothing to calm the storm of criticism, notes Trita Parsi.

PARSI: If you're an Islamic Republic and you have people who may run for president say that Iran is more important than Islam, then that is a fundamental challenge to the very principle the Islamic Republic is resting on.

SHUSTER: The battle for control of Iran's government shows no sign of abating. And as it intensifies, it only seems to weaken Iran further, says Trita Parsi.

PARSI: There are no good guys in this fight, but there can be a good outcome if this further weakens them and enables the political spectrum in Iran to expand rather than shrink, which is exactly what it's been doing in the last 10 years.

SHUSTER: Mike Shuster, NPR News.

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