MELISSA BLOCK, Host:
From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.
MICHELE NORRIS, Host:
And I'm Michele Norris. And we begin this hour with presidential politics. President Obama likes to say that the American economy is facing headwinds - the turmoil in Europe, the Arab Spring, the Japanese tsunami. Well, his reelection campaign is facing headwinds, too - the U.S. credit downgrade, 9 percent unemployment, and a presidential approval rating near 40 percent. Given those daunting numbers, NPR's Ari Shapiro reports on how the president plans to convince Americans that he deserves four more years.
ARI SHAPIRO: During the 2010 midterm campaign, President Obama often told audiences that Republicans drove the economy into a ditch and now they want the keys to the car back.
SHAPIRO: And you got to say the same thing to them that you said to your teenager, you can't have the keys back because you don't know how to drive yet.
SHAPIRO: Today, it looks like the car could be on the brink of another ditch, and President Obama is not talking about the keys anymore. Still, in Michigan yesterday, his language was nearly as accusatory as it was then.
SHAPIRO: There's some in Congress right now who would rather see their opponents lose than see America win.
SHAPIRO: During an economic event at a manufacturing plant, the president blamed America's current fiscal problems on the other party without ever saying the word Republican. Republican strategist Ed Rogers says going negative is the only way this President can win another term.
ED ROGERS: Since it's gonna be hard for Obama to make the case that more of the same is positive, that more of the same is desirable, the best thing you can do politically - and it's cynical - is to destroy the alternative.
SHAPIRO: Polls show that Americans do blame congressional Republicans more than they blame Obama for the debt ceiling crisis. But the president is not running for reelection against Congress. His potential opponents were on a stage in Iowa last night, including former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, who was conspicuously silent during the debt-ceiling debate.
ROGERS: We have, unfortunately, as a leader of this country, a man who is out of his depth and who doesn't understand what is needed to do to get this economy going again.
SHAPIRO: In the center of this crossfire are voters like Lazaro Benitez, a 37-year-old New Yorker who works in public relations.
LAZARO BENITEZ: I'm an independent, not really a party sort of guy, so I'm strictly a moderate, in the middle.
SHAPIRO: How do you feel about President Obama right now?
BENITEZ: I feel for the man. Not the easiest job in the world, not perfect. I think there's a lot of things that he probably could've handled better, but, you know, it's the lesser of two evils.
SHAPIRO: Lesser of two evils hardly reflects the burning passion people felt for Obama in 2008. Forty-four-year-old Yoram Ezra says the President is hard to love, in light of everything that's happened over the last two years.
YORAM EZRA: I think he was naÃÂ¯ve. I think like somebody who comes to the presidency and comes with a promise of big change, I never thought he would be able to make the change he promised. I hoped he would be able to make some change. It's difficult.
SHAPIRO: That New York event was not open to the media, but a fundraiser in Chicago last week was. The president recognized that he needs to re-energize a base that's disillusioned with some of the compromises he's made.
SHAPIRO: When I said change we can believe in, I didn't say change we can believe in tomorrow.
SHAPIRO: But the central disappointment remains the economy, especially job creation. No president since World War II has been re-elected with unemployment above 8 percent. But NYU professor and former Democratic strategist Bob Shrum says that's based on an extremely small sample.
BOB SHRUM: Before Ronald Reagan, you would've said, well, you can't get re-elected unless unemployment is no higher than 5.6 percent, which is what I think it was when Nixon got re-elected in 1972. And then, Reagan had unemployment, people thought, of 7.4 percent, on the day he carried 49 states.
SHAPIRO: The Obama campaign, in 2008, defied history. He'll need to do it again to win in 2012. Ari Shapiro, NPR News, the White House.
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