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For many of the departing troops leaving Iraq, a U.S. base about 60 miles south of Baghdad is the last stop they will make in the country before the final drive into Kuwait. As of today, that base has been turned over to Iraqi security forces.
But NPR's Sean Carberry spent a day with U.S. soldiers there as they prepare to roll out.
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SEAN CARBERRY, BYLINE: Highway One, or Route Tampa as the U.S. military calls it, is the road home for thousands of U.S. troops. As the highway snakes its way through the dusty agricultural lands of Babel Province, an imposing wall of concrete emerges among the scattered palm trees. And several times a day, southbound convoys of hulking armored trucks pull off the road and into the base.
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COLONEL SCOTT EFFLANT: To put in the simple vernacular, it's a truck stop,
CARBERRY: Colonel Scott Efflant is the commander of Contingency Operating Station, or COS Kalsu.
EFFLANT: And so those forces that are coming down, this is where you get gas, do maintenance, maybe get a fresh load of chow and water, and then continue on your way to Kuwait.
CARBERRY: More than 30,000 troops have stopped through Kalsu as the U.S. has been shuttering its bases in the north of the country. And, it's the job of Captain Samuel Campbell from Lake Travis, Texas, to make sure that everyone gets in and out quickly and safely.
CAPTAIN SAMUEL CAMPBELL: Got to clear the weapons when they come in. We'll have an escort take them to the fuel point, check their maintenance, make sure water, ice, MREs are good. And pretty much once they give them the go, they'll SP, Sir.
CARBERRY: SP means starting point: time to roll out, which the soldiers do with enthusiasm.
CAMPBELL: You can just look over and you can see it. You got guys jumping kind of laughing, smoking, joking. Once they come in, they park, they can let their guard down a little bit, take a deep breath, know they are going home. Get back on the A-game and move on.
CARBERRY: Captain Campbell says he's proud to be part of this unit helping send soldiers home. He says it's starting to hit him that this is the end; that the U.S. troops leaving now, aren't coming back.
CAMPBELL: I say I get goose bumps talking about it. It's kind of surreal.
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CARBERRY: A key part of getting them home is making sure the route is clear and safe.
FIRST LIEUTENANT DAVID COLEMAN: My name is First Lieutenant David Coleman. And today, we're just doing a little dismount walking through the town.
CARBERRY: Lieutenant Coleman leads his platoon through the town of Tunis under the light of a half moon. Their job is to protect the base from insurgents. Other troops on the base are responsible for patrolling 260 kilometers of Route Tampa, to make sure the convoys are safe. Lieutenant Coleman leads his patrol by the Iraqi police station to check with their local counterparts.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Salam.
COLEMAN: How's it going tonight?
CARBERRY: Lieutenant Coleman is one of a minority of soldiers on their first deployment in Iraq and he's eager to get back to his family. He says he has made important relationships with Iraqi security forces, and he'll miss that. But he'll miss something else more.
COLEMAN: It's probably going to be, I mean the amount of time that I get to spend with my soldiers on kind of a daily basis. The relationship that kind of officer has to his soldiers in the field is a lot different than it is back in garrison.
CARBERRY: Soldiers young and old at COS Kalsu say they're slowly coming to grips with the magnitude of this moment. Many say they're still too busy to think about the fact that they're closing the door on a nearly nine-year long chapter of history. For some, the war in Iraq has spanned nearly half their lives.
Colonel Efflant takes a longer view.
EFFLANT: I remember in 1989, I was stationed in Germany and seeing the news that the Wall had come down. And the threat from the Iron Curtain that was such a huge part of our life then, all of a sudden it was like, it's gone, and you didn't know how to process it. I'm not sure I can process this yet. I think it's going to take time.
CARBERRY: Sean Carberry, NPR News.
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