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Some Republicans are pointing at rising gas prices and making a provocative claim about President Obama. They say higher prices are part of the administration's agenda. As NPR's Jim Zarroli reports, they point to comments made by the president before he took office.
JIM ZARROLI, BYLINE: Presidential candidate Mitt Romney was the latest Republican to make the charge about President Obama, and he did so on Fox this past weekend.
MITT ROMNEY: Well, there's no question but that when he ran for office, he said he wanted to see gasoline prices go up.
ZARROLI: The president, his critics say, actually wants energy prices to rise. It is a charge the president himself scoffed at during a press conference earlier this month.
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: Ed, just from a political perspective, do you think the president of the United States, going into re-election, wants gas prices to go up higher?
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OBAMA: Is that - is that - is there anybody here who thinks that makes a lot of sense?
ZARROLI: The allegations stem from interviews the president gave in 2008, when gas was topping $4 a gallon. Then-Senator Obama was speaking about long-term energy policy with CNBC's John Harwood, and he suggested that something good might come out of rising energy prices if it encouraged the market to develop alternative fuels. Harwood asked, did that mean rising energy prices were a good thing?
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ZARROLI: Senator Obama also gave another interview that year about his support for cap and trade, and noted that it would necessarily cause electricity prices to skyrocket. But in neither interview did the president say he favored higher prices. On the other hand, says John Kingston, director of news at Platts, his current Energy secretary did say something like that - remarks he has since disavowed.
JOHN KINGSTON: Well, Steven Chu definitely did say it. I mean, he was quoted in 2008 - so that was before he was secretary of Energy - as saying we need to get back to European prices.
ZARROLI: Among environmentalists, Chu's thinking is pretty orthodox. Europeans pay a lot more than Americans do for gasoline. And there's a school of thought that says Americans won't conserve more until they're forced to pay more for the energy they consume. It's a view shared by some Republicans, including Mitt Romney adviser Greg Mankiw. David Victor is a professor at the University of California at San Diego, who studies energy policy.
DR. DAVID VICTOR: The discussion about the benefits of raising gasoline prices really reflect that. They reflect all of this data; that it's really hard to do much about the demand for gasoline without doing something about price.
ZARROLI: Victor says the problem is, energy prices keep fluctuating. But if consumers knew prices were going to stay high and could plan for it, they'd change their behavior more than they do now. That was the thinking behind President Clinton's failed attempts to impose a BTU tax on energy. But that effort ran into resistance in Congress, Victor says. And since then...
VICTOR: The conventional wisdom in Washington has been, new energy taxes are dead on arrival.
ZARROLI: There's an irony in all this, says John Kingston of Platts. The Obama administration has coincided with a big increase in domestic production of oil and natural gas. Kingston says no one foresaw this four years ago.
KINGSTON: I can't imagine that on Inauguration Day 2009, Barack Obama thought that one of his priorities was seeing U.S. oil production rise by another half-million barrels or more per day.
ZARROLI: Kingston says the boom benefits the president politically, and he's starting to talk about it on the campaign trail. So the president who came to office hoping to boost alternative energy is campaigning for re-election on a boom in more traditional fuel sources.
Jim Zarroli, NPR News, New York.
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