STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
India's economic reputation took a hit last week. Standard & Poor's downgraded the country's credit outlook to negative. India's growth may be slowing, but its economy is still expanding at a rate many other countries would kill for - 6 percent. India's middle class is expanding too. More people have the income and leisure time for activities, like working out, which is how commentator Sandip Roy came to find both the old and new India at a health club.
SANDIP ROY, BYLINE: The first gyms I saw in Calcutta were in people's living rooms. Now, there are multigyms with diet charts and Zumba classes and trainers who outnumber the machines. Bishnu Aich is the owner of the Bishnu Manohar Aich Multigym and Fitness Center in northeastern Calcutta. He's 65 but looks much younger. He shows me pictures of himself at 22 - all bulging muscles. But, he says, normal people don't need big muscles. They need what his multigym promises.
BISHNU AICH: Energy, stamina, endurance.
ROY: Three flights down, there's another Aich gym that's all about muscle. It's an akhara - an old school Indian gym with a red brick floor - just barbells and clanging iron weights. There's a tattered poster of Arnold Schwarzenegger on a pillar.
SUMON MONDOL: (Foreign language spoken)
ROY: 16-year-old Sumon Mondol says he wants to be fit like Manohar grandpa. That's Bishnu Aich's father, Manohar Aich, the man who set up this gym, the first Indian to become Mr. Universe. He just turned 100, and until his stroke last year, he came to this gym religiously to do his squats and bench presses.
MANOHAR AICH: (Foreign language spoken)
ROY: Manohar started lifting weights in jail, serving time for slapping a British officer. Just 4 feet 11 inches at his peak, he was known as India's Pocket Hercules. But in 1952, a Mr. Universe title didn't lead to sponsorships and stardom. Bishnu says his father supported the family by lifting weights in the circus.
AICH: What he used to do, he used to show a lot of muscles through circus. And then he was lifting 600 pounds on his shoulder.
AICH: (Foreign language spoken)
ROY: Manohar Aich says lifting has helped him live a hundred years. His father doesn't care for the newfangled multigyms, says Bishnu.
AICH: He doesn't like it - only body building exercises, big muscles.
ROY: Today's gym bunnies want quick results, says Manohar. That's wrong.
ROY: His son replies, welcome to the modern world.
AICH: People don't have the time to spend 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours a day.
ROY: A single-minded bodybuilder trapped in the age of the multigym, Manohar seems lonely. He tells me he wishes he could meet the one man who might understand the purity of his passion - fellow Mr. Universe Arnold Schwarzenegger.
AICH: You are living where?
ROY: When I tell him where I lived for years, California, he lights up briefly. That's Arnold country.
AICH: (Foreign language spoken)
ROY: Arnold - good physique, he says. What would you tell him, I ask. He shrugs shyly.
AICH: My best wishes to him.
ROY: And live long, Manohar says. He leans forward and adds: After all he's still a young man, isn't he? Manohar Aich smiles toothlessly, India's Pocket Hercules, sitting in the morning sun, with a shelf-full of medals, California dreaming.
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INSKEEP: Commentator Sandip Roy is culture editor of FirstPost.com. And you can comment on his essay on our opinion page, which is at NPR.org. You're listening to MORNING EDITION, from NPR News.
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