DAVID GREENE, HOST:
Despite more than a decade of international efforts to support women in Afghanistan, there are few female entrepreneurs in the country, especially in industrial trades. But NPR's Sean Carberry recently came across one woman who's trying to change that with her high-quality furniture factory.
SEAN CARBERRY, BYLINE: Behind a tall metal gate in a non-descript nook of Kabul sits the Bamboo Wood Industries factory. It's not a place you're likely to stumble across by accident. Inside, a handful of men are cutting, painting, and assembling desks and cabinets. The pieces being made today are chocolate brown and quite modern looking. Sitting in a Spartan, unheated office above the factory floor is Fatima Jafari, the owner of the company. The 30-something woman started the business a little over a year ago.
FATIMA JAFARI: Before I came back to Afghanistan, I lived in Iran. There it was so difficult for Afghan women to find a job and earn some money. There I decided to make a job, make an opportunity for other Afghan women to work together.
CARBERRY: So while in Iran, she organized carpentry work for Afghan women.
JAFARI: And after I came back to Afghanistan and after I had some personal problem in my life, I decided to start a business.
CARBERRY: She didn't want to go into detail about the personal problem, but it involved separating from her husband.
JAFARI: That problems made me work more and try more to go forward with my life.
CARBERRY: So with nothing more than an eight-week business course at the American University in Afghanistan and the help of a cousin who's a successful businessman, Jafari started her company. But it's been a struggle. Her cousin, who runs an interior design business, is her only customer so far.
JAFARI: We don't have any problem with the quality of our products, but the problem that we are facing is we don't have any customer. And I don't have any budget that I can spend on advertising and doing marketing.
CARBERRY: She has been submitting bids to prospective clients, but even when they say they love her products, she doesn't get the contract. Is it because she's a woman in male-dominated Afghanistan?
JAFARI: Maybe, because this business, people don't expect that a woman can run a business like my business as wood industry.
CARBERRY: But Jafari suspects the real reason is corruption. She's not paying anyone off to give her the contracts. It's often a struggle to keep the operation going. Sometimes there is no work for weeks at a time. But she still pays the 12 men who work on the factory floor.
JAFARI: I pay them every month, because I cannot tell them that this week there's no work, you have to go home. If I do like that, I will lose them.
CARBERRY: She doesn't want to lose them because she says they're good workers and respect a woman as the boss. That's not easy to find in Afghanistan. She's tried to get help from the Ministry of Women's Affairs and has met with some other women's groups, but so far they haven't been able to help her with growing the business.
JAFARI: I would like to like to work with foreign organization, especially embassies and the NGOs, but unfortunately they are leaving Afghanistan and I have to concentrate on the local markets.
CARBERRY: But she says it's tough to sell a quality product on the local market.
JAFARI: This desk, for example, is L shaped desk and it cost about $500. People pay more than this price to buy Turkish products because they trust on Turkish products, but they cannot trust on local products because of the quality.
CARBERRY: Her goal right now is to find financial help so she can open her own showroom and prove to Afghans that local products are as good as anyone else's.
Sean Carberry, NPR News, Kabul.
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