STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
We are one week away from President Obama's second inauguration. It's not as big as the last inauguration. Power is not changing from one president to another, and this will not be the first time that a black president takes the oath.
It is nevertheless a big civic deal, like any inauguration, and it will be marked by many celebrations - expensive celebrations.
The president's first inauguration had strict fundraising rules. But this year they have been loosened, leaving critics to wonder what happened to the president's old pledge to change the way Washington works.
NPR's Peter Overby has today's business bottom line.
PETER OVERBY, BYLINE: Here's how candidate Barack Obama put it during a 2008 debate.
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OVERBY: And for the Inaugural Committee in 2009, there were strict fundraising limits: $50,000 per individual, no corporate money allowed. Four years later, those restrictions are gone. The maximum contribution is a million dollars and corporations are being solicited. Some of the corporate donors have federal contracts or regulatory issues pending in Washington.
This year's official disclosure so far is just a list of names, minus the amounts given or any identifying information. Committee officials point out their fundraising guidelines are still tougher than the law. They declined an interview request.
To Robert Weissman, president of the liberal advocacy group Public Citizen, the inaugural money chase is just one more disappointment. He says that when it comes to political money...
ROBERT WEISSMAN: There is precious little to show from the Obama White House.
OVERBY: And the repeated letdowns are all the worse.
WEISSMAN: Because you have a president and cabinet-level officials who express support for campaign reform measures, they just don't do anything.
OVERBY: Things such as overhauling the dysfunctional Federal Election Commission, which is charged with enforcing the law, or exploring ways to deal with the Supreme Court's Citizens United ruling and other court decisions that opened the door for secret and corporate money in politics.
White House spokesman Eric Schultz said, in a written statement, that President Obama has done more to limit the influence of special interests than previous administrations. He especially pointed to the new ethics rules that limit movement between government and lobbying. And reform advocates do give the administration credit for that.
Meredith McGehee, of the Campaign Legal Center, is a long-time lobbyist on these issues. She says she would give the president a solid B on the ethics standards, but probably an F for political money.
MEREDITH MCGEHEE: To me, the Inauguration Committee decision was Exhibit A of that pragmatism. Hey, a few of the people on the outside will criticize us for it - but in the end, it makes our job so much easier, and the American people don't really care - so let's just do it.
OVERBY: She said the administration has repeatedly erred by pushing health care, immigration and other issues ahead of the campaign finance agenda.
MCGEHEE: You can't change the power structure in Washington without spending political capital. And the power structure in Washington, at its fundamental base, is about the money that is being brought to bear through lobbying and through campaign contributions.
OVERBY: The history of President Obama's ambivalence on political money goes back to 2008 when he was the first major party candidate to reject public financing for the general election. He spent three-quarters of a billion dollars in that campaign, more than a billion dollars in this one.
Historian Kurt Hohenstein is the author of "Coining Corruption." It's a history of the campaign finance laws. He says big budgets pay for micro-targeting, instead of campaigns that address big issues.
KURT HOHENSTEIN: The money makes that happen. You can pinpoint and target and completely overwhelm an opponent, or overwhelm the voters.
OVERBY: Hohenstein says voters increasingly don't like it. But it's the people in Washington who have the power to change it, or not.
Peter Overby, NPR News, Washington.
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