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In Pakistan, rarely a day goes by without news of a bombing or an attack by militants. Analysts say a whole generation has grown up in the grip of religious extremism. And there's little sign that's likely to change in the near future.
NPR's Jackie Northam has this story, though, about one man who is trying to reverse that trend, starting at the most basic level.
(SOUNDBITE OF VEHICLE DOORS AND RAIN)
JACKIE NORTHAM, BYLINE: On a cold, rainy morning, a van pulls up outside a rural elementary school on the outskirts of Islamabad. The fluorescent green vehicle provides a flash of color on this otherwise gray day. There's a picture of children reading books under a large apple tree and the words: Reading is Fun are painted in English and Urdu, the local language. This is the weekly visit of the Bright Star Mobile Library.
Volunteer Ameena Khan starts pulling books from shelves on either side of the van.
AMEENA KHAN: One is called "Faces" and one is an Urdu book, "Nada Kee Sharada." We're doing "Bears on Wheels," which is a nice counting book. Fourth graders want to read their own books. Some of us will just want to grab a pile of books...
NORTHAM: The younger children gather to hear Khan read them a book. The girls, bright-eyed and engaged, sit cross-legged on the floor in neat rows.
KHAN: One bear, one wheel, one wheel. Wheels (speaking foreign language). Very good, Taisha(ph). That's good, good.
NORTHAM: Standing at the classroom door is Saeed Malik, who developed the Bright Star Mobile Library. A few years ago, Malik returned to Pakistan after 35 years living in the U.S., Italy and elsewhere, mostly working for the UN's world food program.
SAEED MALIK: I found it had changed a lot. Unfortunately, not for the better. And children, in particular, the education had really tanked, gone down the tubes, in elementary education.
NORTHAM: Malik says the poor quality of education is having a ripple effect on the lives of children. He remembers talking to a group of boys, 9 to 16 years old.
MALIK: And I asked them what were their plans when they grew up. And I was quite shocked with the reply. The majority of them said they wanted to become mujahed, which is a freedom fighter.
NORTHAM: Malik says one boy told him he wanted to be a mujahed because if he died as a martyr, he, his family and friends would go to heaven. Malik says he was thoroughly disheartened.
MALIK: And I felt, in what way can we bring these kids back to the beauty of life, to the beauty of future, to be of value to fellow mankind and to themselves and to the country. And I started thinking in what way can we help the children.
NORTHAM: Malik felt books were the way to broaden children's minds, to introduce them to a whole world of subjects and help build tolerance for others. Malik's discovered that virtually none of the public schools in and around Islamabad have libraries, so Malik decided to take books to the children. He says the idea of creating a mobile library came to him after seeing a similar project at the San Francisco Public Library.
But Malik says he soon encountered the type of bureaucracy that can choke the life out of a project, even from Pakistan's education department.
MALIK: Just to get one piece of letter issued by them to give us access to schools, government schools, it took us about six months to get that letter. Just delays. There was absolutely no earthly reason to delay it.
NORTHAM: Malik called in some contacts to help get the project going. The vans were donated by the U.N. World Food Program. Books are donated by the National Library, the Asia Foundation and the San Francisco Public Library. There are no religious books. Like most nascent nonprofits, funding is fragile. The project runs on a shoestring budget and it relies on volunteers like Ameena Khan.
She says she's seen a positive change in the children since they've had access to books.
KHAN: You would think that how can you fix - so much is wrong with education in Pakistan? We hope to, but we don't have a very big establishment. But we're reaching out to that many children in just a few hours, it does make a difference.
NORTHAM: At the moment, Bright Star Mobile Library reaches 2,500 kids in Pakistan. Malik says that number is set to double in the next few months. Jackie Northam, NPR News, Islamabad.
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