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Another group that's filed a brief supporting gay marriage is made up of 75 Republicans. They include some well-known names like Meg Whitman and Jon Huntsman. The brief comes at a time when the GOP is trying to shift gears.
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Republican Party Chairman Reince Priebus has begun a series of meetings around the country with groups that have overwhelmingly voted Democratic in the last two presidential elections.
MONTAGNE: He's sitting down with Latino and Asian voters, and with young people. Now, young people are a particular concern to the GOP because voting habits established at this early stage could last a lifetime. NPR national political correspondent Don Gonyea visited with college students in Ohio, to talk about the state of the Republican brand.
UNIDENTIFIED PROFESSOR: For the midterm...
DON GONYEA, BYLINE: This is a lecture hall at Ohio State University. The class is called "American Political Parties."
UNIDENTIFIED PROFESSOR: You'll have 25 multiple-choice questions...
GONYEA: One student's open laptop has a sticker bearing the iconic Obama campaign logo. Near the front of the room, another has a Romney bumper sticker. During a break, 22-year-old Ben Leone comes by to talk. He's from a Republican family.
BEN LEONE: At the - during the 2008 election, I was registered Republican. I technically still am registered Republican, but I identify myself - definitely - more with the Libertarian Party.
GONYEA: Leone is a fiscal conservative, but when it comes to the GOP...
LEONE: I think they need to change their outlook, especially on social issues, which is why I identify myself more as a Libertarian. But I think that they are still very much in the right, in terms of economic issues - the Republicans are.
GONYEA: Young voters are quick to raise social issues, such as same-sex marriage. They are far more likely than other age groups to approve of it. Twenty-three-year-old pre-law student John Milligan is an independent voter who describes his upbringing as very conservative; he was home-schooled. But here's what he says about how his peer group on campus views gay marriage.
JOHN MILLIGAN: There's no argument. I mean, most of us - well, maybe I'm in a, sort of a bubble here - but we watch Jon Stewart. We have very socially tolerant, very tolerant views, and that is just the direction that young people are moving in.
GONYEA: And you're not a liberal talking.
MILLIGAN: No, not at all. No.
GONYEA: Immigration is another issue where young voters are much more likely to align with Democrats. Austin Jones is a senior, and an independent voter. He says it's not just the Republican stand on social issues that troubles him.
AUSTIN JONES: Yeah, evolution is a fact. Climate change is happening. There's no arguing that. If you're arguing that, you're a fool. (LAUGHTER)
GONYEA: Campus Democrats, meanwhile, see such comments from an independent as an opportunity. Take Maggie Echols, a sophomore. She sees a benefit for her side when Republicans are out of step with young people.
MAGGIE ECHOLS: I think that they're more rel - they're appealing to more religious, and I think our generation is probably the least religious generation ever, to come through America.
GONYEA: But at a recent meeting of the Ohio State College Republicans, alarm bells over the future are not sounding. Sophomore Miranda Onnen says after graduation, fiscal realities will begin to take hold for her generation. Priorities will shift.
MIRANDA ONNEN: We're also the ones who are going to have to pay for Obamacare. And I think a lot of people don't necessarily connect those things. They say, oh well, health care's great. I get to be on my parents' health care plan until I'm 26. Well, once you turn 27, you have to pay for that. And especially with joblessness rates being what they are, I think that's going to hit kids our age pretty hard.
GONYEA: Twenty-year-old Drew Stroemple, also a Republican, says the party has lagged behind Democrats in use of social media and technology, two things critical to reaching potential voters. But he says that can be fixed. He argues no big policy changes are needed, as long as the focus is on fiscal responsibility. And, he says, potential candidates Marco Rubio, Chris Christie, Paul Ryan and others give the GOP a deep bench.
DREW STROEMPLE: We have a lot of people, and we have three years to work on changing, you know, what we do politically to ensure we're in the right position for 2016. And the Republican Party's smart, you know. We know what we're doing, and we're going to make the changes that it takes.
GONYEA: But that view of the future doesn't deal with the real problems the party has today, says Peter Levine of Tufts University. He studies voting habits of young people. Two elections in a row now, Democrats have enjoyed a huge edge among these voters. And while many think that's the way it's always been, Levine says not so.
PETER LEVINE: As recently as 2000, the youth vote was evenly split between the Democrats and the Republicans. This phenomenon of the Democrats getting a lion's share of the youth vote is new; and it's really problematic for the Republicans because this generation will continue to vote for 50 years.
GONYEA: And, he says, Republicans shouldn't simply think it's a matter of young voters idolizing Obama.
LEVINE: Young people - in the exit polls - really align with Barack Obama on the issues as well. So I don't think they just voted for him because the Black Eyed Peas liked him. I think they actually voted for him, in both '08 and '12, because they agreed with him.
GONYEA: Levine says that is the reality the Republicans truly need to confront, when it comes to the newest generation of voters.
Don Gonyea, NPR News, Washington.
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