DAVID GREENE, HOST:
Filing your taxes can be stressful enough. Do we really need to pile on? Well, there's an ad from H&R Block that could add a little extra anxiety.
(SOUNDBITE OF AD)
GREENE: We asked Colorado Public Radio's Eric Whitney to look into that claim.
ERIC WHITNEY, BYLINE: The ad is pretty clear: The Affordable Care Act, aka ObamaCare, means big changes this year when you file your taxes.
We wanted more details, so we asked Meg Sutton, H&R Block's senior advisor for tax and health care services, what the big changes are.
MEG SUTTON: So the big changes are really just filing that return. And so getting into the office, recording your income and your household size, and that's the biggest change you'll see.
WHITNEY: Wait a minute. Filing your return, recording your income and household size - people have to do that every year. Are there new forms people have to file this year because of the health care law?
SUTTON: Not this year, no.
WHITNEY: Sutton says the big change is not in peoples' tax paperwork this year, but in preparing for the new federal subsidies that millions of Americans are supposed to start getting next year to help them buy health insurance that they can't afford now. Since people can start signing up for the new health insurance marketplaces as early as October of this year, your 2012 return could come in handy.
SUTTON: So the 2012 tax return will be used to establish a baseline to determine your eligibility for a tax credit to pay for health care benefits.
WHITNEY: Whether or not someone gets one of the new subsidies to help them buy health insurance will be based on their income, and their family size. And information from their 2012 tax return, the one people are filing this year, will be automatically pulled up on a computer screen when people apply for the new subsidies this fall.
But that's just a baseline, says Tara Straw.
TARA STRAW: Nothing in that return locks people into a certain income or a certain family composition that is unchangeable if it's not representative of their actual situation in 2014.
WHITNEY: Straw works for the advocacy group Health Care for America Now, which supports the Affordable Care Act. She says what will actually determine whether someone gets a subsidy to help them buy health care, and how big that subsidy will be, isn't what they report on their tax forms this year at all, but how much they estimate they'll make in 2014. That could be the same as what's on their tax form this year or it could be very different.
So when Straw sees the H&R Block ad saying the Affordable Care Act means big changes this year when you file your taxes, she thinks it's fairly misleading.
STRAW: Unfortunately right now with this ad it sounds like they're just trying to drum up business by emphasizing complications.
WHITNEY: On the other hand, a recent poll shows two-thirds of Americans don't really understand the health care law. Straw acknowledges that's a problem, that people don't know how it might or might not affect them and their taxes.
STRAW: That's actually where companies like H&R Block could be doing a real service if they're actually using their outreach to the community to help educate people on the benefits.
WHITNEY: H&R Block says it's doing that - offering all its customers a free health care and tax review this year. They say it takes about five minutes. But as far as filing any new tax forms related to the health care law? That will be in April of 2015.
For NPR News, I'm Eric Whitney in Denver.
GREENE: The story you just heard is a partnership of NPR, Colorado Public Radio and Kaiser Health News.
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