TERRY GROSS, HOST:
Our jazz critic Kevin Whitehead has a review of a new album of Duke Ellington tunes by pianist Aki Takase. She was born in Osaka in 1948 and began recording as a jazz pianist in Tokyo in the 1970s. In the 1980s, she moved to Berlin where she's worked with a wide variety of European and American improvisers.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC, "IN A MELLOW TONE")
KEVIN WHITEHEAD, BYLINE: Aki Takase in stride piano mode on "In A Mellow Tone" from her solo album "My Ellington." At the keys, Duke abstracted from stride piano, which modernized ragtime. Ellington's own spare percussive style then refracted through Thelonius Monk and Cecil Taylor and a generation of freewheeling pianists active in Europe, like Takase herself.
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WHITEHEAD: Duke Ellington's "Take the Coal Train." As a Japanese expatriate in Berlin, Aki Takase has a double outsider's perspective on jazz and an insider wisdom that comes from careful study. She's made albums devoted to music by stride pianist Fats Waller and blues composer W.C. Handy, and an earlier set of Ellington ballads. She can swim in that stream, but will also hop out of the water. Takase has a trust in silence still rare among improvisers bursting with a need to express themselves.
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WHITEHEAD: Takase's treatment of "I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good" is Ellington tinted by Monk and Schoenberg: a 1941 tune informed by other mid-century perspectives. The total effect can be a little unnerving. There's an eerie call-and-response episode in the 1928 classic "The Mooche" where Takase uses loud and soft dynamics to suggest physical space - between her piano in the foreground and another far in the distance, as if heard in memory.
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WHITEHEAD: Aki Takase creates atmospheres at the piano, drawing an aura around a composition. At one point in "I Got It Bad," she floats from bird calls to a Monk tune - music Ellington listened to and music he inspired. Her evocations of physical distance and emotionally charged memory suggest another ragtime-influenced American pianist, composer Charles Ives.
In "Battle Royal," Takase nods to "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean," which hip musicians in Europe know because Ives quoted it so much. But then she's off and running, her strong left hand setting the pace.
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WHITEHEAD: Late in life, introducing his suite "Afro-Eurasian Eclipse," Duke Ellington liked to misquote social theorist Marshall McLuhan, using the terminology of the time. The whole world is going oriental, Duke said, and no one will be able to retain his or her identity, not even the Orientals. We wouldn't put it that way now, but we know what he means. Aki Takase shows us the sound of one cosmopolitan with roots in multiple cultures.
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GROSS: Kevin Whitehead writes for Point of Departure, Downbeat, and eMusic and is the author of "Why Jazz?" He reviewed "My Ellington," the new recording by Aki Takase. You can download podcasts of our show on our website freshair.npr.org and you can follow us on Twitter @nprfreshair and on Tumblr at nprfreshair.tumblr.com.
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GROSS: I'm Terry Gross.
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