The Shipping Forecast: From Britain's Seas Into Its Soul Britain is a maritime nation that a century or two ago boasted the world's largest navy. Today, the names of shipping areas in the surrounding seas are embedded in the British national psyche — thanks to the BBC's Shipping Forecast bulletin, a cultural phenomenon beloved by seafarers and landlubbers alike.
NPR logo

The Shipping Forecast: From Britain's Seas Into Its Soul

  • Download
  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript
The Shipping Forecast: From Britain's Seas Into Its Soul

The Shipping Forecast: From Britain's Seas Into Its Soul

  • Download
  • <iframe src="" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript


It's ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Audie Cornish.


And I'm Melissa Block.

Over the next few days, we're going exploring along the edge of Britain. The idea isn't to focus on seaports or fishing villages, but on the shipping areas off its coast. Britain is after all a maritime nation that once boasted the world's largest navy.

And, as NPR's Philip Reeves tells us, even the names of shipping areas in the surrounding seas are embedded in the British national psyche.

PHILIP REEVES, BYLINE: This is a story about a strange institution. The British call this institution a national treasure. It's not a painting or a palace or a prince. This treasure is made only of words.

ARLENE FLEMING: And now the shipping forecast issued by the Met Office on behalf of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency...

REEVES: For many Britons, the Shipping Forecast is woven into the fabric of life. The routine's the same every night. You finish your cup of tea. Put out the cat and lock up. Hop into bed. Switch on the radio and serenely drift off to this.

FLEMING: There are warnings of gales in Viking, North Uitsera, South Uitsera, Forties, Cromerty, Dogger, Fisher, German Bight...

REEVES: The British Isles are an archipelago measuring about 900 miles from top-to-toe. Plenty of people make a living from the ocean. Wild weather on the high seas matters to them. Yet many more Britons are landlubbers who know nothing of currents and tides. Plenty of them are also devoted listeners.

SALLY CROOKE: I definitely don't, you know, have any sort of natural affiliations with the seaside.

REEVES: Sally Crooke is from a farming family in the English county of Wiltshire. Wiltshire is landlocked.

Do you listen to the Shipping Forecast?

CROOKE: I do...


CROOKE: ...listen to the Shipping Forecast. Even in London, I listen to the Shipping Forecast, yes. You know, it is always the same places mentioned in the same order. It is soothing.

FLEMING: Forth, Tyne, northwest, backing west or southwest, five to seven, decreasing...

NICK HARKAWAY: We are a seafaring nation from the very beginning. We're an island country. And so it's all our gateways. It's everywhere that you can come into or leave the United Kingdom, the Shipping Forecast goes there and tells you what's happening there.

REEVES: Nick Harkaway is an author and a landlubber and a big Shipping Forecast fan.

HARKAWAY: I think maybe for the Brits it's a little like a Swiss watch. When you hear the ticking of a Swiss watch, you know that it'll continue to do that in this regular and perfect way forevermore. It's the symbolic British calm, perfectly predicting the sea moving out into the world, and so on. It's our - it's an identity.

FLEMING: Occasional rain later, good, occasionally poor: Wight, Portland, Plymouth, northwest backing southwest later, five to seven...

REEVES: That voice is BBC announcer Arlene Fleming. The BBC's Radio Four broadcasts four shipping forecasts every day. Fleming says it's the forecast in the quiet wee hours, after midnight that has an especially mystical quality.

FLEMING: There is a natural rhythm to it, almost a wave, a rhythm. You know, just like the sea, it's wonderful. It's almost like poetry to me. You know, and I have had so many people write in to me and say, you know, I like to listen to you reading it because you've got a lovely - there's a lovely rhythm to it. And I say I always think of it as a poetical work.

Lundy, Fastnet, Irish Sea, Shannon; northwest backing west or southwest...

I have had a few cards, a few Valentine's cards, about the Shipping Forecast and things from anonymous people, which is very nice.

REEVES: Valentines to you?

FLEMING: To me...


FLEMING: ...about the Shipping Forecast.

REEVES: Saying how much they love...

FLEMING: Yes, indeed. Well, there was one just saying he'd gone to sleep listening to the Shipping Forecast and he awoke listening to it, and thought he'd died and gone to heaven.


FLEMING: And I thought, a bit over the top but how lovely.


FLEMING: Five to seven, increasing seven to severe gale 9...

REEVES: The Shipping Forecast covers 31 sea areas. That's a huge expanse of water.

ALISTER MCHARDY: They extend all the way up to - the furthest point is probably southeast Iceland, and that's the furthest northwest. And then we've got another area right down in the far south called Trafalgar, which goes all the way right down to North Africa.

REEVES: Alister McHardy of Britain's Met Office says that you can get the forecast these days on Sat Nav, mobile phone and the Internet. Yet seafarers still often tune in to the BBC.

MCHARDY: There's actually a piece of music which goes out called "Sailing By." The reason behind using music is it's an identifier for people tuning in on long wave. And if they're out in a vessel out on a wild windy night - say, in the middle of the North Sea - then they can tune in; if they hear that music, then they know they've actually got the right frequency and they can listen to the Shipping Forecast.


REEVES: Back in their beds, Britain's landlubbers slide off to sleep to that same music. So ingrained is "Sailing By" in the lives of some that they choose it in death, too, to be played at their funerals.

PETER JEFFERSON: It is not an unusual request, which again is another way of sort of strengthening this hold which apparently the forecast has on so many people, that they even want it played after they're gone. (Laughing)

REEVES: Peter Jefferson was for decades the voice of Britain's Shipping Forecast. He read the forecast on the radio for 40 years, then wrote a book about it. He remembers when the BBC decided to change the time of the nightly forecast by just 12 minutes. There were demonstrations outside the BBC's London headquarters.

JEFFERSON: There were people even marching outside Broadcasting House. I mean it was that... (Laughing) ...that intense. With banners. It was quite an amazing sight really.

REEVES: The plan eventually had to be scrapped.

The Shipping Forecast is not always taken so seriously though. The Brits also find it funny.

STEPHEN FRY: South Uitsera, North Uitsera, Sheerness, Foulness, Eliot Ness...

REEVES: The weird and exotic names of the shipping areas seems to appeal to a British sense of the absurd and therefore to humorist Stephen Fry.

FRY: If you will, Often, Eminent, 447, 22 yards, Touchdown, Stupidly.

REEVES: Nick Harkaway, the writer, recently tried his hand at a spoof and posted it on his website. It went down rather well on Twitter.

HARKAWAY: Lloyd Harriott, Papal, Embuscades, Sheepcroft, four. Overall, there will be some nostalgia, fading later into tourism before midnight. There is no prospect of rain.

REEVES: British musicians have also drawn inspiration from the Shipping Forecast, says Jefferson.

JEFFERSON: There's something here from Blur's album which is called "Park Life," and a lyric from a track entitled "This Is a Low." Referring to, you know, a low weather system.


BLUR: (Singing) And into the sea goes pretty England and me. Locked down...

JEFFERSON: And into the sea goes pretty England and me, Around the Bay of Biscay and back for tea. Hit traffic on the Dogger Bank, up the Thames to find a taxi rank. Sail on by with the tide and go to sleep when the radio says this is a low but it won't hurt you.


BLUR: (Singing) This is a low...


REEVES: No artist, though, has captured the baffling, mystical appeal of the Shipping Forecast quite like this man.

SEAMUS HEANEY: Dogger, Rockall, Malin, Irish Sea...

REEVES: The late Seamus Heaney, the poet from neighboring Ireland.

HEANEY: Green swift upsurges, North Atlantic flux, conjured by that strong gale warning voice, collapse into a sibilant penumbra, midnight and close down.

FLEMING: Moderate or good becoming moderate or poor. And that's the end of the Shipping Forecast.

REEVES: Philip Reeves, NPR News.


BLOCK: And tomorrow, Philip will take us to one of those exotic shipping areas, a place called Lundy.


Copyright © 2013 NPR. All rights reserved. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record.