STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
Now, the digital revolution means there are more ways than ever to read on. And yet, a new survey finds the number of American teens reading for pleasure has dropped dramatically.
NPR's Jennifer Ludden reports.
JENNIFER LUDDEN, BYLINE: For sure, "Harry Potter" and "The Hunger Games" haven't been big hits for nothing. Lots of teens and adolescents still do read, a lot. But a roundup of studies, put together by the non-profit Common Sense Media, shows a clear decline over time.
JIM STEYER: For example, 45 percent of 17 year olds today say they read for pleasure, no more than 1-to-2 times a year, if that often.
LUDDEN: That's way down from a decade ago, says Jim Steyer, head of Common Sense Media. Among 13 year olds, a third say they read for pleasure only once or twice a year.
STEYER: As a parent and an educator, this is a really big deal.
LUDDEN: Steyer studies the impact of technology on children and he finds the results striking, though not shocking. He has four kids, and has seen the trend - mostly with his 16-year-old.
STEYER: And I start to see it in our 10-year-old as well because he is less and less reading, and more and more attracted to some of the digital media platforms that he has access to - and that he did not have access to when he was, say, you know, six or seven years old.
LUDDEN: Now the studies do not say kids are reading less because they're spending more time online. But Steyer is convinced that's at least p art of the answer.
STEYER: First of all, most children now have access to e-readers, or other smart electronic devices like phones and tablets. And they're spending time on that. Numerous reports show the increasing use of new technology platforms by kids. It just strikes me as extremely logical that that's a big factor.
JAMAHRI SYDNOR: I don't really read for pleasure.
CHIAMAKA ANOSIKE: I don't read for pleasure either, unless it's for a school assignment.
LUDDEN: Jamahri Sydnor and Chiamaka Anosike are ninth graders, waiting for the bus outside Wilson High School in Washington, D.C. So how do they relax?.
ANOSIKE: Generally, I talk on the phone. Or I watch, like, Netflix shows or Hulu shows. Mostly TV, that's it. I'm usually on my phone or watching TV, too.
LUDDEN: Of course, some students say they love to read but have too much homework, or are swamped with sports.
Researchers want to know more about how teens are spending their time in the digital age. But Kathryn Zickuhr, of the Pew Research Center, says it's tricky. If a kid is looking at a book, you say they're reading. But looking at a Smartphone or tablet? Well, who knows?
KATHRYN ZICKUHR: And we've heard from middle and high school teachers that sometimes the Internet is wonderful for highly-motivated students to do deep and expansive research. But on the flip side, obviously there are many distractions on the Internet.
LUDDEN: Despite those distractions, Jim Steyer, of Common Sense Media, says parents can still do a lot to promote reading.
STEYER: Kids with parents who read, who buy or take books out of the library for their kids, and who then set a time aside in their kids' daily schedule for reading, tend to read the most.
LUDDEN: Whether it's on a book, an e-book, or some other gadget.
Jennifer Ludden, NPR News, Washington.
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