DAVID BIANCULLI, HOST:
This is FRESH AIR. I'm David Bianculli, editor of the website TV Worth Watching, sitting in for Terry Gross. Today we're focusing on the German film director Werner Herzog, who has made movies for more than 50 years and is still going strong. A new box set containing 16 of Herzog's films - including his classics "Aguirre, The Wrath Of God," "Nosferatu The Vampyre" and "Fitzcarraldo" - has just been released by Shout! Factory. We'll be playing excerpts from two of Terry's interviews with him. But let's hear what our critic-at-large, John Powers, has to say about the new box set. Watching Herzog's early work again, John says these movies look even stranger and more powerful now than they did when they first came out.
JOHN POWERS, BYLINE: There are lots of good filmmakers, but only a handful are always unmistakably themselves. One of these is Werner Herzog, the 71-year-old German director who now lives out here in LA. Herzog has done things nobody else would do for a film, like trying to tug a 350-ton steamship over a small mountain. This has made him notorious as a wild, love-him-or-hate-him monomaniac, an image he's been canny enough to milk. Herzog rose to fame as part of the new German Cinema - a '70s boom that also included Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Wim Wenders and Margarethe von Trotta. Starting in 1970 with "Even Dwarfs Started Small," an anarchic tale of rebellion by a group of little people. He unleashed a torrent of 10 films - including "Nosferatu" and "Fitzcarraldo" - that remain the heart of his achievement. All those movies and six later ones are included the tremendous new box set, "Herzog The Collection." Some of them are great; others are good, and a couple are truly terrible. Yet every single one has something going on.
You see, Herzog has never been limited by anybody else's idea of propriety, good sense or artistic neatness. He pushes us into unsettling, mental-spaces that make the strange familiar and the familiar strange. His best and most daring movies may be two early documentaries - "Fata Morgana," a surreal creation myth shot in the Sahara and "Land of Silence And Darkness," an almost mystical story centered on a woman who's gone deaf and blind. Yet they are a tad forbidding.
The best way into Herzog's work is through his most delightful film - "The Enigma Of Kaspar Hauser." It's based on the true story of a young man who, after being kept alone in a cellar for the first 17 years of his life, walks into the streets of 1820s Nuremberg. What ensues is the collision between a German society that thinks itself civilized and this strange, grown-up, wild-child - astonishingly played by Bruno S., a street musician who spent time in mental institutions. Filled with sympathy for Kaspar, the movie explores one of Herzog's trademark themes - the role of the individual who in profound and revelatory ways doesn't remotely fit into society. That's true in a very different way of the hero of the film to watch next - "Aguirre, The Wrath Of God." Shot along the Amazon in Peru, it tells the story of a doomed group of Spanish conquistadors searching for El Dorado. They're led by the blonde-tressed, heuristically-loony Commander Don Lope de Aguirre. He's indebtibly played by Klaus Kinski, the wacko actor who starred in several more Herzog films and became the subject of Herzog's amusing documentary, included here, titled "My Best Fiend." More than just a portrait of colonial madness, "Aguirre, The Wrath Of God" is a dazzling study in another of Herzog's themes - human kinds relationship to landscape and nature. About which Herzog is not sentimental. Here while on the Amazon shooting his famous film "Fitzcarraldo" he riffs on that subject in filmmaker Les Blank's documentary "Burden Of Dreams."
(SOUNDBITE OF DOCUMENTARY, "BURDEN OF DREAMS")
WERNER HERZOG: Of course we are challenging nature itself and it hits back, it just hits back. That's all. And that's grandiose about it and we have to accept that it is much stronger than we are. Kinski always says, it's full of erotic elements. I don't see it so much erotic; I see it more full of obscenity. It's just - in nature here is violent base. I wouldn't see anything erotic here. I would see fornication and asphyxiation and choking and fighting for survival and growing and just rotting away. Of course there's a lot of misery, but it is the same misery that is all around us. The trees here are in misery. And the birds are in misery. I don't think they sing. They just screech in pain.
(SOUNDBITE OF BIRDS)
POWERS: As you can tell, Herzog is an enthralling talker. His audio commentaries on these discs are classics of a form. Now not all the movies here are classics. By the time he made his African slave-trade film "Cobra Verde" in 1987 many people thought he'd run dry. He had this great chronicler of cussed, obsessive heroes, kept on making movies in his own cussed, obsessive way. And about 10 years ago, things changed. With the release of his terrific 2005 documentary "Grizzly Man," Herzog became one of those rare artists, like Philip Roth or Leonard Cohen, who enjoyed a second flowering after the age of 50. Indeed, nowadays he's a beloved icon - a man who sometimes seems to be everywhere, making acclaimed docs like "Cave Of Forgotten Dreams" and "Encounters At The End Of The World," playing the villain in Tom Cruise movies and lending his voice to cartoons about penguins, and directing features, like the upcoming "Queen Of The Desert," which stars Nicole Kidman as the famous British explorer Gertrude Bell.
Because he's so adored, Herzog has at moments fallen into shtick during interviews - Herzog doing Herzog. But he's never gone soft or commercial or betrayed the driven filmmaker who made those audacious early movies. He's never settled into chasing Oscars. Instead, like one of the wayward heroes in "Herzog The Collection," he's kept plunging into the unknown, sometimes blindly, sometimes not.
BIANCULLI: John Powers is film and TV critic for Vogue and vogue.com.
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