ARUN RATH, HOST:
In Berlin, thousands of people gathered at the Brandenburg Gate this afternoon to demonstrate against the wave of harassment and attacks against Jews in Germany. Many blame the rising anti-Semitism there and across Europe on tensions over the Gaza conflict. Chancellor Angel Merkel, who attended the Berlin rally, said there was no place for anti-Semitism in Germany, because - particularly because of its Nazi past. And that fighting anti-Semitism is every German citizen's duty. NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson was at the rally and filed this report.
SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: Merkel is usually reserved in her reproaches, but spared no punches in denouncing threats and violence toward Jews in Germany, some 160 cases of which were reported in recent months.
She called it a monstrous scandal that anyone here would be hassled for being Jewish or for backing Israel. The Chancellor says all Jewish institutions in Germany are under police protection because of the current climate.
ANGELA MERKEL: (Speaking German) Wir wollen, dass sich Juden in Deutschland sicher fuehlen.
NELSON: Merkel says we want Jews in Germany to feel secure, and to feel this is our joint home, adding that like everyone else who lives here, Jews should feel they have a good future.
MERKEL: (Speaking German) Juedisches leben gehoert zu uns. Es ist Teil unserer Identitaet.
NELSON: The Chancellor says Jewish life belongs to us. It's part of Germany's identity and culture.
(SOUNDBITE OF APPLAUSE)
NELSON: But that's not how many Jews here feel these days, says Dieter Graumann, the president of Germany's Central Council of Jews, which organized the rally.
DIETER GRAUMANN: (Speaking German) Wenn auf deutschen Strassen Juden als Schweine beschimpft werden...
NELSON: He says on German streets Jews are being called pigs. And there are shouts for them to be gassed, burned and slaughtered. Graumann adds he wishes more Germans would speak out against what is the worst anti-Semitism here in decades. World Jewish Congress President Ronald Lauder agrees.
RONALD LAUDER: Since 1945, Germany has been one of the most responsible countries on the earth. The world looks to Germany for political, for economic and for moral leadership. But something has changed. This summer, all that progress over the last 70 years has been darkened by the rising tide of anti-Semitism.
NELSON: That rising tide is largely being blamed on Muslim immigrants and right-wing extremists.
TRAUGOTT ZEDLER: (Speaking German) Wir wissen von einem Rabbiner, der in einem Stadtteil direkt angegriffen wurde.
NELSON: One Christian protester at the rally, Traugott Zedler, says the Rabbi he knows was recently threatened by several men while he was out walking in Berlin with his daughter. Zedler says the men threatened to kill the Rabbi but he didn't let it rattle him. But rally organizers say a growing number of German Jews are too afraid to wear religious caps or jewelry outdoors because they fear being harassed or worse.
(SOUNDBITE OF RALLY)
NELSON: That wasn't the case at today's rally, where many participants also showed their support for Israel by singing patriotic songs and waving Israeli flags. Protester Karin Brandt says she hopes the large turnout will show Germans that it's no longer acceptable to be anti-Semitic.
KARIN BRANDT: (Speaking German) Nie wieder Judenhass in Deutschland - nie wieder.
NELSON: She says never again do we want this hatred of Jews in Germany - never again. Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson, NPR News, Berlin.
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