What You Need To Know About Subprime Lending For Smartphones : All Tech Considered A new startup focuses on offering loans for the purchase of top-of-the-line smartphones. But what seem like deals come with hefty markups.
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What You Need To Know About Subprime Lending For Smartphones

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What You Need To Know About Subprime Lending For Smartphones

What You Need To Know About Subprime Lending For Smartphones

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Today, two aspects of the smartphone revolution - a new way for people with low incomes to buy expensive phones and a call to action for smartphone users to take privacy into their own hands. First, what you might call the lease-to-own approach to buying a smartphone. A major mobile phone company and a new kind of lender are teaming up. As NPR's Aarti Shahani reports, their idea is to allow just about anyone to buy the latest iPhone or Samsung Galaxy. And as you might expect, there is a catch.

AARTI SHAHANI, BYLINE: The name of the company is Better Finance. It's raised millions of dollars from some of the most respected tech investors like PayPal and Venrock. Ryan Gilbert is CEO and he noticed a problem in retail stores.

RYAN GILBERT: When consumers are standing in front of a sales associate wanting to buy an iPhone or Samsung phone today, they want to walk out of the store with that phone.

SHAHANI: But not everyone has the cash and lots of people can't get credit from the phone company. So Gilbert created a new program called SmartPay.

GILBERT: We're in about 5,000 active stores right now.

SHAHANI: Shoppers give their Social Security numbers and get sized-up under a formula that the company created. It's not a traditional credit score and it gives approval lightning fast over the Internet.

GILBERT: With no lists, or rather, no more than three minutes.

SHAHANI: Customers can instantly buy the phone of their dreams and even a nice case and accessories. Better Finance makes money by charging fees and taking money directly from the customer's bank account. Now, fair warning - we're going to break down a few numbers here. For a phone bought over, say, a 10-month period...

GILBERT: You'd be paying back off a $900 product approximately $150 a month for the full term.

SHAHANI: A markup of nearly 70 percent. I asked Gilbert if people really know they're signing up for that.

GILBERT: Oh, absolutely. I mean, this is a business where disclosure is 100 percent of the rule and there's no shortcuts in that regard.

SHAHANI: But when you look at how it works inside stores, like the retailer MetroPCS, we found there is a shortcut.

MICHAEL ATCHLEY: They said that they work with this company SmartPay and that I could get approved for up to $700.

SHAHANI: Meet customer Michael Atchley in Fort Worth, Texas.

ATCHLEY: But also with SmartPay I have a 90-day same-as-cash policy.

SHAHANI: The 90-day policy means you have 90 days to pay back without being charged any fees. Atchley says he wasn't even in the store when he got it. He called his local MetroPCS from work when his old phone broke.

ATCHLEY: I never actually signed anything. I just took it on the rep's word that what they were going to set up is exactly like he said it.

SHAHANI: It was only after Atchley picked up his Samsung Galaxy Note 2 that he got an email from SmartPay.

ATCHLEY: It said that I actually had a 60-day same-as-cash policy, which is not what I was sold.

SHAHANI: A whole month less than Atchley expected. NPR visited six MetroPCS locations that offer SmartPay and called a dozen more, and their reps made the same 90-day pitch even though many customers don't qualify for it. Atchley doesn't have a lot of cash to spare and he wants it out. He couldn't refund the phone at MetroPCS because he'd already talked on it from over an hour. And when he called Better Finance their rep didn't help, either.

ATCHLEY: I mean, I even asked her are you actually paying attention to what I'm saying because the responses you're giving me, they don't make sense.

SHAHANI: Atchley and 231 other SmartPay customers have filed complaints with the Better Business Bureau and five have filed with federal regulators, consistently saying they were misled. MetroPCS, which is owned by T-Mobile, declined to comment on its SmartPay sales. Better Finance says the salesperson in Atchley's case violated procedures and Chief Ryan Gilbert can't control what happens in every single store. Once customers sign up...

GILBERT: ...They do get an email confirming the full extent of the contract they've entered into with us and 100 percent disclosure through that process.

ED MIERZWINSKI: This is a new area for the Silicon Valley kids.

SHAHANI: Ed Mierzwinski is a consumer advocate with PIRG, the decades-old nonprofit.

MIERZWINSKI: They've got a lot of money. They burn a lot of money. They work really fast.

SHAHANI: Under federal regulations, a company has to disclose the terms of a lease before, not after it begins. In an email Better Finance tells NPR that salespeople, stores are, quote, "expressly instructed to make sure that it is the customer, him or herself, that directly reads the terms and conditions." But the consumer advocate, Mierzwinski, says sale reps working on commission are going to push the product.

MIERZWINSKI: When the consumer says, oh, I like your phone but I can't afford it, they say oh, you don't have to pay for it today - just push this button.

SHAHANI: Mierzwinski says some buttons just shouldn't be that easy to push.

Aarti Shahani, NPR News, San Francisco.

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