ARUN RATH, HOST:
The baby boomers are getting older. In her new book, "The Age Of Dignity," Ai-jen Poo says the American country better get ready for the elder boom.
AI-JEN POO: The baby boom generation is reaching retirement age at a rate of 10,000 people per day. This year, 4 million people will turn 65 in America. And what that means is that by 2050, 27 million Americans will need some form of long-term care or assistance. And that's the backdrop for this book.
RATH: And you write that people can end up in end-of-life poverty as a result.
POO: Absolutely. The average nursing home stay for a private room is about $87,000 per year. And I've just heard all of these stories about people who've had to impoverish themselves to get the support that they need or end up impoverished because they can't afford the care that they need. And there's an emotional cost, there's an unbelievable financial cost, and it doesn't have to be that way.
RATH: And, you know, there's a convergence of needs there - that there's - obviously, there's a need for jobs, and there's a need for caregivers, giving this growing aging population. But how to we get there, though? How does that get paid for?
POO: Well, home care is already the fastest-growing occupation in the country. We are already investing, but we're investing in a very haphazard way. The average wages of a home care way worker are less than $9 per hour. So the workers that we're counting on to take care of our families cannot take care of their own on the poverty wages that they're earning.
RATH: Could you tell us about, maybe, one of the caregivers that you spent time with?
POO: Her name's Erlinda, and she's from the Philippines. And she believes that singing is sort of a universal language to build connection. One of her favorite clients she calls my lady, who she used to sing for - and every morning when she arrived, her lady would ask her to sing. And then one day, she - instead of asking her to sing, she said, please give me your hand. And Erlinda had spent so much time with her that she knew that that was a sign that she was preparing to transition.
And so she was able to get on the phone, call the family and gather everyone and then be present for her lady's transition and make sure that it was one surrounded by love and care and connection, just the way her lady would've wanted. Now is a moment, with such a huge increase in the need for care, for us to actually transform that and bring the kind of dignity and value to that work that is long overdue.
RATH: You write about there's a fundamental problem - almost an approach - that we tend to measure the success of our health system in how much it can delay death. Can you explain how that's a problem?
POO: The way that we approach aging and dying in this country is from a place of scarcity and fear. And what this book is saying is that getting older is actually a blessing and an opportunity. It's - living longer is about loving longer, learning longer, teaching longer, connecting longer, if we figure out the supports and infrastructure to make all of that possible. And it is completely within reach. Another thing to just kind of remember is that the baby boom generation, in particular, is such a culture-driving generation. I mean, rock and roll and so much has changed in our culture as a result of the baby boom generation, and they are the generation that's aging. And if any generation is going to change how we orient around aging, it's going to be that generation.
RATH: Ai-jen Poo's new book "The Age Of Dignity: Preparing For The Elder Boom In A Changing America." Thanks so much.
POO: Thank you.
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