RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:
Brigadier Viet Luong is the first Vietnamese-American to reach the rank of general in the U.S. Army. He now oversees the training of Afghan troops around Kandahar. And his is a personal journey that began in Saigon when as a 9-year-old boy, he escaped with his family from Vietnam in the final days of what was then America's longest war. General Luong sat down with NPR's Tom Bowman to recall what happened to him.
TOM BOWMAN, BYLINE: General Luong sits on a box of MREs, the military's ready-to-eat meals. He's inside a cavernous hangar at this Afghan army base northeast of Kandahar. A couple of dozen American and Australian soldiers lounge on green cots lining the sides. Banners of U.S. military units hang on the walls. Between the troops is a shipment of Girl Scout cookies about 6 feet tall. They're advisers helping yet another foreign military fight a guerrilla force.
BRIGADIER VIET LUONG: Yeah, so it's something that I rarely talked about. So we knew the country was doomed.
BOWMAN: And General Luong recalls the day this very week 40 years ago when his father, a South Vietnamese Marine major, called an urgent family meeting at their home in Saigon. The city, he told them, would soon fall to the North Vietnamese, the communist forces he was helping the Americans fight. They sat around the table, father, mother, Luong and his seven sisters.
LUONG: My sisters actually had a very strong opinion, like we need to stay until we find a way out as a family.
BOWMAN: His father worried they all wouldn't be able to escape together. He suggested Luong, the only boy, and one of his sisters should flee the country in the hopes the family could be preserved. Luong was just 9 years old.
LUONG: You know, I was depressed. I didn't want to get sent to, you know, to the U.S. I didn't want to - my dad to go to the jungles. It was pretty tough as a kid.
BOWMAN: They were helped by an American reporter friend. Luong still remembers the night he came to give everyone official government papers that would get them into Tan Son Nhut Air Base just north of Saigon and from there out of Vietnam.
LUONG: I was like, OK, pack your stuff. Do not talk to your friends. Just pack some clothes. And his driver snuck us out at night.
BOWMAN: Soon after they arrived at the air base, rockets and mortars started landing.
LUONG: Yeah, it was close enough where I can hear people groaning from getting hit.
BOWMAN: The general stops for a moment and looks down. His eyes begin to fill with tears.
LUONG: I was lying then on my stomach and I was - you know, we're Catholics, so I was doing my Hail Marys, you know. And so we were scared. So my dad looked up and said, look, don't be afraid. He said, you're missing out on a monumental moment in history, right? You need to be able to see what's going on. So that calmed us down for a little bit, but it was really hopeless until the Marines came in.
BOWMAN: On the 29 of April, the family boarded a Marine helicopter and headed out to the South China Sea. When they landed, Luong was disoriented.
LUONG: I still remember that moment to this day because as soon as we landed, I looked at my dad and I said, Dad, where are we at? And he looked at me and he says, hey, we're aboard the American carrier USS Hancock. And I say, well, what does that mean? And he looked at me, and he said, that means nothing in the world can harm you now.
BOWMAN: And he made a decision on that carrier deck.
LUONG: I knew right back then. I mean, people may not believe that, but I knew right back then that I want to serve our country.
BOWMAN: Others members of the family were not as lucky. Left behind were two uncles who had served nearly a dozen years in a communist re-education camp before they would make it to the U.S. Luong and his family spent weeks in refugee camps in the Philippines and then Guam before arriving in Fort Chaffee, Ark. Eventually, they moved to California. General Luong attended the University of Southern California and joined ROTC, keeping good on the promise he made on that carrier flight deck. He would join the Army.
LUONG: My dad told me, I think half-jokingly maybe, that he was disappointed that I wasn't going to be a Marine. But he says, as long as you're going to be an airborne guy, that's OK, too.
BOWMAN: General Luong rose up the ranks and is now deputy commander of the 1st Cavalry Division at Fort Hood, Texas, one of the first large combat units to deploy to Vietnam. In January, he made his second deployment to Afghanistan and leads the training effort at Kandahar air base. Luong knows there is irony in his presence here, a boy who fled America's longest war only to grow up and advise foreign forces in America's new longest war. And like many back home, he talks about the parallels between the fights in Vietnam and Afghanistan.
LUONG: And I wouldn't call it a quagmire. I think there's a lot of similarities. You know, the sanctuaries are there. The insurgency's there. You know, the corruption's there. But I think there's hope, right? With President Ghani, I think, and with the new government, I see hope.
BOWMAN: Neither Luong or his family ever returned to Vietnam. His father said he would never visit the country until it respected human rights. The elder Luong died in 1997, living long enough to see his son promoted to captain. The general thinks it now might be time for him to visit Vietnam.
LUONG: I think I need to for some closure. I think eventually I probably need to go back and seek out my roots.
BOWMAN: So many years after he fled into the night a scared child. Tom Bowman, NPR News, Forward Operating Base Eagle, Afghanistan.
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