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Buying a car can be stressful, especially a used car. NPR's Frank Langfitt has been reporting on the streets of Shanghai by driving around, giving free taxi rides. When he went taxi shopping in China, the cars were surprisingly pricey, and the used car salesman - that turned into a story, too. Here's Frank.
FRANK LANGFITT, BYLINE: I've been renting a Camry to give free rides around town for my series about real life in China, but the monthly fees were killing me, so I decided to buy from a reputable used car dealership. My salesman, a fresh college grad, introduced himself like this.
BEER MA: Beer - English name is Beer.
LANGFITT: Beer switches to Mandarin to explain his novel choice of name.
MA: (Through interpreter) I like this drink. My old English name was B-I-L-L. I like to drink beer in big gulps. When I drink with friends, we drink crazily, seven to eight bottles each.
LANGFITT: Seven to eight beers at a time.
MA: (Through interpreter) Yup.
LANGFITT: Most salesmen would never admit to such heavy drinking, but Beer is not your typical salesman. His last name is Ma, which means horse in Mandarin, so I took to calling him Beer Horse. Beer Horse also has an unusual way of establishing a connection with customers.
He's now putting his hand on my knee.
Then he ran his hand down my back. I brought along my assistant, Yang.
Was that weird that he put his hand on my knee?
YANG: (Laughter) Yes.
LANGFITT: No Chinese man's done that to me before. I don't know why he did that.
Beer Horse is new to Shanghai. He's the son of farmers from neighboring Anhui Province. Perhaps he thinks this is a way to establish intimacy with Western customers. Beer Horse offers me his company's standard deal. I pay a deposit of 3,000 kaui or RMB - about 500 bucks U.S. - and he'll track down a car that fits my specifications, but China's business culture is notoriously shifty. Predictably, we begin arguing over the contract.
MA: (Speaking Mandarin).
LANGFITT: He says I have just three days to accept the car he finds or the company keeps my deposit. I ask for three to five days, but the five he writes looks like a three.
Is that clear? Let's make sure that five is clear. I'll draw the five, OK?
MA: Sign on - sign on name.
LANGFITT: Yeah, I know. I'm going to draw this...
MA: Sign name here.
LANGFITT: (Laughter) I know. Wow. This is such high pressure. Holy cow. This is so interesting. I have not been this pressured ever buying a car in the states.
I pay my deposit and turn to Yang.
Well, I guess we'll just hope for the best, huh?
YANG: Yes (laughter).
LANGFITT: I hope I didn't just lose 3,000 kuai.
While I was at the dealership, Beer Horse did show me a 2012 Camry for $31,000. I was stunned.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)
LANGFITT: So I decided to go to this year's Shanghai auto show to talk with John Zeng. John works at LMC Automotive, a market research company. I asked him why cars cost so much more in China than in the states.
JOHN ZENG: We are talking about 30 to 40 percent more expensive in China, if you're looking at a Camry. Chinese consumer pay much more tax than the consumer in U.S.
LANGFITT: John says that includes a 17 percent value added tax, which companies pass on to new and used car buyers.
That seems so unfair given the Chinese make a small percentage of what Americans make.
ZENG: I think the government still think that cars still are luxury stuff, not, say, daily life necessary stuff. So whoever can afford a car, they are rich people. You should pay more tax.
LANGFITT: After a couple of weeks, Beer Horse finds me another 2012 Camry. We go to a sister dealership to take a look. The price - $29,000. I ask if I can bargain. An Abbott and Costello routine follows.
MA: Haggle price, sir.
LANGFITT: Haggle price or no haggle price.
MA: Haggle price.
LANGFITT: Sensing a language barrier, I switch to Mandarin and ask if the price is negotiable. Beer Horse says no.
OK, that's no haggle price.
I step into the car for a test drive, but Beer Horse says I have to put more money down.
A 10 percent deposit for a test drive.
Beer says that's to keep out the riffraff.
MA: We want to protect the car, the vehicle. You know, some cars, such as Lamborghini, Porsche.
LANGFITT: But this isn't a Lamborghini or a Porsche.
MA: No. I know. Yeah, we know, but we need to protect it, protect it.
LANGFITT: After the test drive comes the hard sell like you've never seen. Beer Horse turns, looks me in the eye, and says, hey, mate, don't let me down.
I've never had a 26-year-old put his hand on my shoulder and say don't disappoint me.
Beer says I look like I can afford the car and keeps pushing me to buy now.
I want to go. I'm feeling really uncomfortable, just - the pressure's too much.
LANGFITT: He follows Yang and me outside and asks to ride in our cab so he can make his way back to his office. Inside the taxi, he changes tactics. Beer Horse says he hasn't had breakfast and asks for food. He adds that he's only sold two cars in the last month and is afraid he'll be fired.
MA: (Through interpreter) I called my dad last night and told him I'm under a lot of pressure in my job. After paying rent and food, I probably have no money left. I worry I may be not even be able to pay the rent. Maybe next time you see me, I'll be homeless, living on the street.
LANGFITT: We leave the cab and part ways. Back in the office, Yang says he saw Beer do something I missed.
YANG: We were standing there at a crossroad waiting for taxi. I saw him turn around and shed some tears. He was really disappointed, and I felt sorry for him.
LANGFITT: Yang thinks Beer lacks tact because he's just in from the countryside.
YANG: He just graduated from college, and he's from this rural village, so he lacks certain techniques to deal with people.
LANGFITT: In the end, I decided to buy a new car from a licensed dealer. I couldn't trust Beer or take the high-pressure tactics. I returned to the used car dealership, got my deposit back, and asked the manager how many cars Beer had been selling. Six to eight a month, he said, not the two Beer claimed. The manager said Beer was doing fine and not about to lose his job. Beer Horse is one of millions of migrants who've moved to Shanghai in hopes of making it, but he's a particular breed - the hustler, a creature of the country's slippery business culture trying to find a foothold in this cosmopolitan city and willing to say almost anything to get ahead. Frank Langfitt, NPR News, Shanghai.
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