RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:
Let's talk about size discrimination. Even though the average American woman is around a size 14, most department store racks are devoted to much smaller bodies. But that's changing, as NPR's Elizabeth Blair reports.
ELIZABETH BLAIR: Figure this. Plus-size actor Melissa McCarthy is a star.
(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "SPY")
MELISSA MCCARTHY: (As Susan Cooper) I look amazing. Hello, doppelganger.
BLAIR: And like so many female stars, McCarthy is about to launch her own clothing line. Another full-figured actor, Rebel Wilson...
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REBEL WILSON: (As Fat Amy) Fat Amy's back.
BLAIR: ...Is designing one, too. Meghan Trainor had a smash hit with the song that's all about having more to love.
(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "ALL ABOUT THAT BASS")
MEGHAN TRAINOR: (Singing) Yeah, it's pretty clear I ain't no size 2. But I can shake it, shake it, like I'm supposed to do.
BLAIR: And People magazine made headlines when it recently put size-22 model Tess Holliday on the cover. There is a plus-size movement afoot. In a recent interview with the NPR show Here and Now from WBUR, Tess Holliday explained.
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TESS HOLLIDAY: We want more options in clothing, and we want more representation of body types in the media. And I think it would be silly for major designers to not really care about the plus-sized consumer because we have money to spend.
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Good afternoon. Welcome to Torrid.
BLAIR: On a recent afternoon, there was plenty of foot traffic at Torrid in Gaithersburg, Md. Torrid is a chain known for offering the latest styles in plus sizes - lacy tank tops, fitted dresses with bold prints in bright colors, skinny jeans. Twenty-nine-year-old Aviva Copaken says this is the only place she likes to shop.
AVIVA COPAKEN: It's got really cute clothes that fit me. And, like, I can just go do what I need to do, pick what I need to pick, and it's great. It makes you feel normal.
BLAIR: Shopping just about everywhere else, she says, is a downer.
COPAKEN: You know, there's nothing basically, and I have no choices. And you feel like a minority.
BLAIR: And yet, she's not. The average American woman is around a size 14. According to the CDC, about 69 percent of Americans are overweight or obese. Marshal Cohen is a retail analyst for the NPD Group.
MARSHAL COHEN: The industry has done a disservice to themselves by not offering some of those great choices for the plus-sized consumer.
BLAIR: So even though we now have positive images of full-figured women in popular culture - fashion models, respected movie and TV stars - retail has generally not caught up. At the same time, Cohen says major retailers aren't eager to make a serious commitment to the plus-size market because it's not growing.
COHEN: Until the plus-size business grows at a rate greater than its current growth of 2 percent, they are going to wait. And that means that plus size is going to have to accelerate its growth rate closer to 4 and even 5 percent before the retails are really going to embrace this.
BLAIR: But for the designers who do focus on the plus-size market, that neglect has been a gift.
LIZ MUNOZ: I have the very bad retailers in plus size when I was growing up to thank for my career. Thank you, all of you.
BLAIR: Liz Munoz is the senior designer at Torrid. She's a size 18. Growing up, she says, she never found clothes she wanted to wear at the mall. So she learned to both design and sew them herself. Now she's getting paid to do it.
MUNOZ: We don't make tent-like muumuus, which is what I had to face when I was growing up.
BLAIR: Even veteran plus-size retailer Lane Bryant is trying to be more fashionable. Vogue contributing editor Andre Leon Talley says he was thrilled to see the award-winning designer Isabel Toledo create a range of sophisticated garments for Lane Bryant.
ANDRE LEON TALLEY: Trench coats, capri pants, fluid dressing, cocktail dresses that were absolutely wonderful, and it's on point. It's anything done for a person who would be wearing a size 8. And I think that probably has taken Lane Bryant into a new direction for its customers.
BLAIR: Now, many people hearing this story might be thinking a plus-size movement is not a good thing, given all of the very real health concerns around obesity. But Torrid senior designer Liz Munoz says that's a separate issue.
MUNOZ: We're not here to encourage people to be bigger. We're not here to encourage people to be overweight. I think we are addressing the reality of what is going on in our world.
BLAIR: Online, plus-size consumers have a much better shot at solving that perennial question, what should I wear, where sites like ModCloth and Simply Be offer more items in more sizes. Analyst Marshal Cohen says even the large department stores have more offerings on their websites than they do on the racks. For a lot of Americans, he says, in-store shopping is not a positive experience. Elizabeth Blair, NPR News.
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