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Co-working began with communities of entrepreneurs working alongside each other, sharing desks coffee machines and, in many cases, ideas. Well, now, as NPR's Yuki Noguchi reports, co-working is an industry unto itself.
YUKI NOGUCHI, BYLINE: Michael Silvers has worked at home and in corporate offices but prefers his small, rented, glass-walled co-working space in downtown Washington, D.C.
MICHAEL SILVERS: Every office that I've worked in - you're kind of down in your own little hole. You don't really interact as much with other types of businesses.
NOGUCHI: Co-working led to unexpected benefits for Silvers and his co-founder, who run ClearCodeX, an app development firm. They recruited a business partner they met at WeWork and learned a far more efficient way to develop software from other startups there.
SILVERS: From concept design through to a working app in the App Store in four weeks. It was just amazing. I mean, that - we saw how fast you can do development because of what we caught up on here at WeWork and seeing other people doing it.
NOGUCHI: Co-working spaces are attracting a growing population of office workers who spend more time working from home, hotels and cafes. Walk into one, and you'll find desks, monitors and meeting rooms along with the creature comforts of home. There are convivial, open spaces and areas to allow silent retreat into more focused, productive work. Close quarters bring with it some privacy challenges. Tan Ly, who runs Visually Dynamic, says he's learned to cope.
TAN LY: You minimize the screen. Or (laughter) you know, you kind of turn the monitor a little bit.
NOGUCHI: Part of the appeal is flexibility. Monthly membership means avoiding the commitment of a long-term lease and the hassle of stocking, say, printer ink. Travelers can use memberships at multiple locations. But the real value, co-working companies say, is a more innovative work culture. David Fano is chief growth officer for WeWork, the largest player, which has expanded to more than 220 worldwide offices in less than a decade. He says the biggest demand comes from large corporations looking for ways to make their workers happy and productive.
DAVID FANO: How do companies engage in helping individuals be successful and fulfilled?
NOGUCHI: Customers want WeWork to provide the basics, as well as to plan happy hours, cooking classes and to manage the online forums that keep workers engaged.
FANO: Programming around wellness. We're doing a lot of things with workplace mindfulness, thinking about the kinds of food and beverages that are in the work environment and being just as thoughtful about that as we are with, like, ergonomics and furniture.
NOGUCHI: There are several factors driving growth. Telework keeps growing, and independent workers, contractors, freelancers and the like make up a bigger part of the labor force. Plus, there are more tools that make it easier to collaborate online. Gretchen Spreitzer is a management professor at the University of Michigan and says there are psychic benefits.
GRETCHEN SPREITZER: Qualitative research does show that people feel like they're more productive in the company of others that they trust rather than just sitting in a coffee shop.
NOGUCHI: But, Spreitzer says, WeWork has plenty of competition. And it's under pressure to keep their members renewing month after month.
SPREITZER: We're seeing today turnover of members and spaces as competitors come up with cooler spaces or other amenities.
NOGUCHI: Scott Galloway, a marketing professor at New York University, agrees. He says the big question is how big or valuable the co-working industry might be. Privately held WeWork is valued by some estimates at $20 billion, a sum Galloway doesn't believe is justified.
SCOTT GALLOWAY: There are a lot of organizations that own real estate. They could probably offer somewhat of a me-too model.
NOGUCHI: WeWork might not be that valuable, he says, but the company and the co-working movement are here to stay. Yuki Noguchi, NPR News, Washington.
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